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Preprint: Maximizing the probability that the 6-week lock-down in Victoria delivers a COVID-19 free Australia

2020.09.09 06:49 dCodePonerology Preprint: Maximizing the probability that the 6-week lock-down in Victoria delivers a COVID-19 free Australia

Maximizing the probability that the 6-week lock-down in Victoria delivers a COVID-19 free Australia

Tony Blakely, Jason Thompson, Natalie Carvalho, Laxman Bablani, Nick Wilson and Mark StevensonMed J Aust Published online: 17 July 2020
https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2020/maximizing-probability-6-week-lock-down-victoria-delivers-covid-19-free-australia
This article has now been accepted for publication and has undergone full peer review but has not completed the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process; further changes may be made before final publication. The current revised version is available as a PDF here and is online here (4 September 2020).
This is a preprint version of an article submitted for publication in the Medical Journal of Australia. Changes may be made before final publication. Click here for the PDF version. Suggested citation: Blakely T, Thompson J, Carvalho N, Bablani L, Wilson N, Stevenson M. Maximizing the probability that the 6-week lock-down in Victoria delivers a COVID-19 free Australia. Med J Aust 2020; https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2020/maximizing-probability-6-week-lock-down-victoria-delivers-covid-19-free-australia [Preprint, 17 July 2020].
Victoria is the unlucky state in a lucky country. Most other states and territories, except for NSW, have achieved elimination of community transmission of the pandemic virus SARS-CoV-2 (28 or more days of no locally acquired cases where the source is unknown).
The situation in NSW is mixed and precarious. On the one hand, NSW has a current outbreak of 40 cases (as of 16 July) linked to the Crossroads Hotel outbreak in Casula. On the other hand, until 16 July there had only been three locally acquired cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection with no known source in the preceding 28 days suggesting NSW was on the cusp of elimination 1 – but three cases have been reported on 16 July with no obvious link to the current outbreak.2 If NSW successfully contains this outbreak, it may resume its prior trajectory towards the elimination of local transmission, leaving Victoria isolated as the only state with community transmission.
It seems highly unlikely that states and territories that have eliminated local transmission will relinquish their status by freely opening borders and engaging with Victoria (and NSW if community transmission remains). Australia going forward as two separate systems (six or seven states and territories having eliminated the virus, one or two not) is a significant concern. Both the Victorian economy (comprising 23.7% of Australia’s economy 3) and the wider Australian economy will be adversely impacted for a long period due to the public health measures necessary to prevent and control recurrent outbreaks arising from resurgent community transmission.
There are three general strategic policy responses to the challenge of COVID-19: elimination, suppression, and mitigation (or herd immunity). No response is free of economic, social and health harms – rather, it is about minimising harm.4 Society has largely rejected a mitigation response due to the high morbidity and mortality inherent (e.g. if 60% of the population were infected the number of deaths may exceed 100,000 under current case fatality rates 5). We argue that explicitly pushing towards a strategy of elimination across all of Australia is optimal given where we are at and what we know.

Elimination strategy

We know from New Zealand (NZ; population 5.0 million)6 and Taiwan (23.8 million)7 that elimination of community transmission is achievable in island jurisdictions, both having no reported community transmission for over two months as of 10 July.8 The advantage of elimination is that despite international border closures or strict quarantine, citizens can go about life with a near-normal functioning of their society and economy.
Elimination has challenges. First, there is the extra effort to achieve it – and the fact that aiming to achieve elimination does not guarantee success. Second, having achieved elimination, there would be the constant risk of the virus re-entering due to quarantine breaches. This is evident from the two quarantine hotels in Melbourne that leaked cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, if we learn from experience, there is no reason why the quarantine of arrivals to a country cannot be made near-perfectly secure with the appropriate processes and resources.
How sustainable a COVID-19 free nation with tight border controls is in the very long term is unclear, especially when international tourism begins to be resurrected in the rest of the world. If an effective vaccine does not arrive in the next year or so, then at some point a COVID-19 free country may choose to pivot away from maintaining elimination towards suppression or mitigation. This could involve the easing of border restrictions and the return of disease spread but where the mortality and morbidity burden is substantially lessened through improved treatments and social mechanisms to protect the elderly and vulnerable (e.g. good ring-fencing of rest-homes). The point now, though, is that living in a state or country that has achieved elimination is a far better option than suppression in the short- to medium-term, compared to the high likelihood of recurrent outbreaks precipitating recurrent lock-downs with attendant social and economic disruption. For example, NZ used a more stringent lock-down that Australia in March to April 2020 (Supplementary Figure 1 - available in PDF), rapidly achieved elimination, and its economy appears to have bounced back more strongly than Australia’s, at least on the measure of payroll job estimates (Supplementary Figure 2 - available in PDF). So too, COVID-19 free Australian states and territories (e.g., Queensland) are benefiting economically, enabling the re-opening of business activity and hosting of national sporting teams and fixtures such as the AFL.

Is elimination achievable with a six-week lock-down?

Lock-downs are effective for pandemic control.9,10 Our case for an explicit elimination strategy in Victoria, now, is that given the State is in lock-down for six-weeks there is only a marginal cost of ‘going hard’ with a rigorous public health response that increases the probability of achieving elimination. But is elimination achievable within six-weeks?
We examined four policy scenarios using an agent-based model, a type of micro-simulation of individuals. The model accurately reflects the prior experience of both NZ and Australia 11, and in this paper, we have adapted it to Victoria (including the case counts up to 14 July) (see Appendix for details - available in PDF). The four policy approaches were:
  1. Standard, reflecting the first Australian lock-down (calibrated in ), with key parameters including 85% of people observing physical distancing; of those observing physical distancing, they do so 85% of the time; 30% of adult workers are essential workers; 93% of people asked to isolate doing so; 20% uptake of COVID-Safe App; but no closure of schools and no mask-wearing.
  2. Standard plus masks at 50%, above plus 50% of people wearing masks when in crowded indoor environments.
  3. Stringent with masks at 50%, schools closed and essential workers restricted to 20% of workers, otherwise as above.
  4. Stringent with masks at 90%, above with mask use increased to 90%.
Figure 1 (available in PDF) shows the percentage likelihood of elimination in Victoria, defined as the date of clearance of infection by the last case. The observable moment of 28 days without a locally acquired case with no known contact follows by about another two weeks.
Under the ‘Standard‘ policy approach, there is no chance that all infected people will have cleared their SARS-CoV-2 infection by 19 August (six-weeks after lock-down started). The probabilities for the other three policy approaches are 5% for ‘Standard plus masks at 50%’; slightly more at about 7% for ‘Stringent with masks at 50%’; and nearly 50% for ‘Stringent plus masks at 90%’. As an important aside, as we have updated these model runs in the week since lockdown began, the curves have been shifting to the right due to the ongoing high numbers of daily cases. If Victoria gets on top of the current outbreak, these probabilities may improve, and the curves shift to the left – but also vice versa. We will update these models on a regular basis.
Undertaking simulation modelling of SARS-CoV-2 policy options is challenging and the uncertainties are still large. Nevertheless, our results lend weight to the proposition that elimination is achievable, and that mandatory wearing of masks can greatly assist its chances.

A ten-point plan to maximize the chance of elimination in Victoria

Box 1 (available in PDF) gives enhancements to the stay-at-home orders used in the first lock-down, that should see an increased probability of elimination being achieved. The first and critical point is leadership. Victoria’s Premier Daniel Andrews (and indeed all State and Territory Premiers) should explicitly declare ‘elimination’ as the goal. This should be accompanied by increased transparency and target-setting including the appointment of an expert advisory group in order to increase trust in the process. An explicit goal will more likely avert a public clamouring for premature opening up again as case-numbers fall and will recognise that these investments will have greater health and economic payoffs in the future.
Since the second lock-down in Victoria was announced (Tuesday 7 July), progress with aspects of this ten-point plan has already been made with the closure of schools (other than for year 11 and 12, and special needs students), encouragement to wear masks in indoor environments (though we argue this needs to be mandatory), and commitments to improve contact tracing capacity.

Conclusion

We argue that Melbourne and Victoria should not waste the opportunity this lock-down presents. By learning from the lessons on social and preventive measures to lower SARS-CoV-2 transmissibility,9,10,12,13 and specifically the lessons from NZ,4 Taiwan and six of the eight Australia States and Territories that have achieved elimination, Victoria can increase its chances of also eliminating community transmission.
There is the risk of failure – we cannot guarantee that our ten-point plan will achieve elimination, we cannot guarantee high compliance in measures by the Victoria population if a more stringent lock-down was imposed, and if the outbreak in NSW restarts community transmission then both NSW and Victoria will need to have elimination strategies for Australia to eliminate. But we argue that it would be a bigger failure to not enhance the probability of elimination by augmenting the current lock-down now. Our work and those of others who have independently considered the alternatives consistently demonstrates that elimination is possible, and if achieved optimal for health and long-term for the economy.4,14-16
Finally, we can only make estimates as to what the future holds. If a timely vaccine does not arrive, or treatments greatly improve, then for Australia to fully reintegrate with the rest of the world there may be a need to pivot to suppression and then mitigation. But we argue this is a decision better reserved for the future as the disease evolves and our knowledge improves; an Australia with no community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the near-term will be better and stronger for it.

References

  1. https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/covid-19/Pages/default.aspx.
  2. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-07-16/nsw-coronavirus-three-mystery-cases-concern-authorities/12460650.
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2018-19. In: Australian Bureau of Statistics, editor. Canberra; 2019.
  4. Blakely T, Bablani L, Carvalho N, et al. Integrated quantification of the health and economic impacts of differing strategies to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Under review.
  5. Blakely T, Wilson N. The maths and ethics of minimising COVID-19 deaths. In: University of Melbourne, editor. Pursuit. Melbourne: University of Melbourne,; 2020.
  6. Baker M, Kvalsvig A, Verrall A. New Zealand’s COVID-19 elimination strategy. Medical Journal of Australia 2020; Preprint.
  7. United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. World Population Prospects 2019: Data Booklet. New York: United Nations, 2020.
  8. https://covid19.mohw.gov.tw/EN/mp-206.html, https://www.cdc.gov.tw/en/Disease/SubIndex/, https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/diseases-and-conditions/covid-19-novel-coronavirus.
  9. Flaxman S, Mishra S, Gandy A, et al. Estimating the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in Europe. Nature 2020.
  10. Hsiang S, Allen D, Annan-Phan S, et al. The effect of large-scale anti-contagion policies on the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature 2020.
  11. Thompson J, McClure R, Blakely T, et al. Modelling the estimated likelihood of eliminating the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Australia and New Zealand under public health policy settings: an agent-based-SEIR approach. (SSRN 3588074 2020; https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3588074). under review 2020.
  12. Bi Q, Wu Y, Mei S, et al. Epidemiology and transmission of COVID-19 in 391 cases and 1286 of their close contacts in Shenzhen, China: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 2020.
  13. Chu DK, Akl EA, Duda S, et al. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet 2020; 395(10242): 1973-87.
  14. Daly J. COVID-19. The endgame and how to get there. Melbourne, Australia: The Grattan Institute, 2020.
  15. Group of Eight A. COVID-19 Roadmap to Recovery: A Report for the Nation, 2020.
  16. Chang S, Harding N, Zachreson C, Cliff O, Prokopenko M. Modelling transmission and control of the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. arXiv 2020: arXiv:2003.10218v1 [q-bio.PE].
  17. Ministry of Health. Aotearoa/New Zealand’s COVID-19 elimination strategy: an overview. Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Health,, 2020.
  18. Li X, Xu W, Dozier M, et al. The role of children in transmission of SARS-CoV-2: A rapid review. J Glob Health 2020; 10(1): 011101.
  19. https://covid19.govt.nz/.
  20. https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/research/research-projects/coronavirus-government-response-tracker.
  21. Hale T, Hale AJ, Kira B, et al. Global Assessment of the Relationship between Government Response Measures and COVID-19 Deaths. 2020.
  22. https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/mf/6160.0.55.001.
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2020.09.01 01:51 Pickup_your_nuts Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan: New Zealand’s first Māori woman cabinet minister and its longest-serving woman MP 1932–2011

This biography, written by Helen Brown, was first published in the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography in 2018.
Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan was New Zealand’s first Māori woman cabinet minister, its longest-serving woman MP, and a staunch advocate in Parliament for Māori interests. An accomplished academic, social worker, designer, sportswoman and dancer, she paved the way for women to combine a political career with motherhood. The Treaty of Waitangi and the Rātana faith were central tenets of her personal and political life, and her parliamentary career was focused on the abolition of laws that oppressed Māori. She was also a New Zealand fashion icon with a distinctive sense of style which drew upon her whakapapa and celebrated her love of Māori design.
Early life at Rātana Pā
Tini Whetu Marama Tirikatene was born at Rātana pā, south of Whanganui, on 9 January 1932. Her mother Ruti (Lucy) Matekino Horomona (Solomon) was of Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Pahauwera of Ngāti Kahungunu, Danish and Jewish descent. Her father Eruera Tirikatene was Ngāi Tahu, a descendant of the rangatira Tūhuru of Westland and of Motoitoi of Otago. He also had Ngāti Toa and English ancestry.
Eruera was one of the prophet Tahupotiki Wiremu Rātana's political advisers, and the first Rātana (independent) MP elected to Parliament. He held the Southern Māori seat from 1932 until his death in 1967, from 1936 as a Labour member in a Rātana–Labour alliance. Before she was born, Rātana prophesied that Whetu would become a political leader and named her ‘Whetu Marama’ in an evocation of the Rātana symbol’s star and crescent moon.
Whetu was the seventh child of 12 and the eldest surviving daughter. From an early age, she was raised by her maternal grandmother Amiria (Miria) Solomon because her parents travelled frequently on parliamentary business. Whetu spent her early years in the exclusively Māori environment of Rātana Pā. Her early education at the Native School and personal interactions with Rātana set the foundations for her deep, lifelong, Christian faith.
School years
The family lived in a number of places in the South Island during Whetu’s childhood, though she always regarded Rātana pā as her ‘real home.’ At some schools she was the only Māori student, and faced discrimination for the first time. This experience made her determined to succeed in the Pākehā education system, and later to advocate for the teaching of Māori language, history and culture in all New Zealand schools. Outside of school she worked hard, digging potatoes, concreting, doing the laundry and driving tractors.
At Rangiora High School Whetu became a class leader. She excelled at shorthand, and in form five made headlines for typing at 240 words per minute – close to the world record. These skills proved valuable when she became an MP – she would produce her transcripts to challenge inaccuracies in the official record. She also played violin and cello in the school orchestra and was selected for the Christchurch Youth Orchestra.
When the family moved to Wellington in 1949, Whetu attended Wellington East Girls’ College, where she was a prefect. She joined Victoria University College’s fencing club in form six and became one of the top four women fencers in New Zealand. She also did occasional fashion modelling, designed jewellery and clothes, and won national titles in ballroom and Latin American dancing.
Political apprenticeship
Working as an unpaid and unofficial assistant to her father laid the groundwork for Whetu’s future political career. While still at school, she volunteered as secretary and research officer for the Labour Party’s Māori Advisory Council and Māori Policy Committee – a role she filled for ten years. She also did secretarial work for the four Māori members and accompanied her father to tribal hui and official engagements. When she was elected to Parliament, she claimed to know practically every Māori family in the Southern Māori elecorate.
In 1949 Whetu began working as a stenographer at the Royal New Zealand Air Force Headquarters in Wellington, where her shorthand skills were soon sought out by the Public Service Commissioners for various commissions of enquiry. In 1951 she was seconded from the RNZAF Headquarters to the Royal Tour Office of the Department of Internal Affairs as secretary to the assistant director of a planned royal tour. She travelled with the royal entourage as a member of New Zealand’s official party when Queen Elizabeth II toured the country in December 1953 and January 1954.
The demanding tour schedule, work stress, and exposure to thousands of people took its toll, and Whetu was admitted to Wellington Hospital in April 1954 with tuberculosis. A four-year convalescence followed, first at the Ōtaki Sanatorium and then at the family home in Kaiapoi. During this period, she honed her interest in social work by acting as a spokesperson for other patients.
Social worker, academic and emerging leader
In 1958, Whetu was employed as a Māori welfare officer in Wellington by the Department of Māori Affairs. She also served as a child welfare officer in Rotorua and a social security welfare officer in Lower Hutt and Wellington. She continued to work voluntarily for the Māori MPs and studied part-time at Victoria University College. She graduated with a Diploma in Social Science in 1961 and completed a BA in 1965, majoring in Political Science and Public Administration. As women’s vice-president on the executive of the Victoria University Students’ Association (1960–61), and inaugural president of the Federation of Māori University Students, she advocated the teaching of te reo Māori and Māori Studies in New Zealand universities. In 1959 Whetu was made a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1965 she was awarded a postgraduate scholarship at the Australian National University in Canberra, where she commenced a PhD thesis on the alliance between the Labour Party and the Rātana movement. There she met fellow doctoral student Denis John Howard Sullivan. By the end of 1966 the couple had decided to marry and pursue their respective academic careers overseas. Whetu’s studies ended abruptly in 1967 when her father died, and she was called home to replace him in Parliament.
Entering Parliament
Whetu returned to New Zealand in January 1967, and was selected as the Labour candidate to contest the by-election in March. The Southern Māori seat covered a vast area, from Wairoa in the north to Rakiura (Stewart Island) in the south. She convincingly won the by-election, and at 35 was the youngest woman to have been elected to New Zealand’s Parliament to that time. After being elected she returned immediately to Australia, where she and Denis were married in a small ceremony in a Canberra registry office on 18 March. Whetu took the surname Tirikatene-Sullivan.
In her maiden speech to Parliament, Whetu made clear that she was there as an advocate for Māori interests. Describing her father as her inspiration, she drew attention to the socio-economic disparities between Māori and Pākehā. She emphasised the importance of Māori education and the need for government policies to address the gap between Māori and Pākehā achievement.
Her early parliamentary career was spent in opposition, where she strongly opposed aspects of the controversial Māori Affairs Amendment Act 1967 which cut across the rights of Māori landowners. She supported the Ngāitahu Māori Trust Board in its opposition to aspects of 1969’s Electoral Amendment Bill.
Mana wāhine
In 1967 Whetu was one of two Māori among the six women in the House. She immediately challenged some of Parliament’s patriarchal norms, including the exclusion of women from a visitors’ area in the House and from Bellamy’s bar. She pointed out that mothers of young children comprised 23 per cent of the adult population and should be represented in the House.
When her first child May-Ana was born in 1970, Whetu was the first member to give birth while Parliament was in session. She returned to work within weeks and cared for her daughter in her office, an arrangement then considered extraordinary. A second daughter, Lisa Marie, was born in 1972 but died at the age of three months. The birth of her son Tirikatene (Tiri) in 1974 is thought to have been the first to a cabinet minister in the British Commonwealth. Whetu contributed to the normalisation of the idea of women combining career and parenthood, paving the way for later parliamentarians and New Zealand women in general.
In her early parliamentary career Whetu took a feminist approach to some women’s issues. She attended the United Nations International Women’s Year conference in Mexico in June 1975, where she was hailed for speaking out against the political manipulation that had removed basic feminist concerns from the agenda. In 1977 she railed against the Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Bill (which restricted access to abortion), arguing that abortion was ‘fundamental to a woman’s ability to participate equally in society’. She later modified this view, concerned at the high rate of abortion among Māori and Pasifika women. Whetu was also one of the few women to speak on the marae at Rātana Pā during pōwhiri, and as Minister of Tourism the first woman to speak on Tūrangawaewae marae at Ngāruawāhia.
New Zealand’s first Māori woman cabinet minister, 1972–1975
When Labour came to power in 1972 Whetu was appointed Minister of Tourism and Associate Minister of Social Welfare, making her the first Māori woman cabinet minister. The social welfare portfolio appeared to provide an opportunity to advance the Rātana agenda of seeking statutory equality and justice for Māori, but in reality her ability to influence the minister, Norman King, was limited.
As tourism minister, Whetu was keen to transform the heavily male-dominated tourism industry. She promoted domestic tourism, opened a New Zealand tourism bureau in Tokyo, and encouraged the use of New Zealand crafts and Māori design in the souvenir trade. She also served as Minister for the Environment for a year following a 1974 cabinet reshuffle.
The politics of fashion
Design and dressmaking was a lifelong passion for Whetu, whose signature style was unique in the history of New Zealand fashion. Dressed in beautifully designed garments featuring Māori motifs, she was a distinctive presence in Parliament. She was keenly aware of the political statement she made through her design choices. In 1972 Whetu and Denis personally supported the development of Māori fashion design by establishing a boutique in Wellington which sold Māori and Polynesian-inspired garments made by local designers.
Whetu, resplendent in a gown designed by Kura Ensor featuring a red, black and white kōwhaiwhai pattern, was at the forefront of the group that met the 1975 Māori land marchers at Parliament. The dress was bold, contemporary, unmistakably Māori, and signalled Whetu’s solidarity with the marchers. Legislation to establish the Waitangi Tribunal had just been passed, and though Whetu had been instrumental in its development, she was critical that it could only address grievances arising from Crown actions from 1975 on.
Parliamentary service, 1975–1996
Labour was back in opposition for three terms from 1975, with Whetu the spokesperson on social welfare and family affairs until 1980. She lobbied for more Māori content in broadcasting and the establishment of a Māori television unit, and for the correct pronunciation of Māori place names. She also initiated a series of private members’ bills seeking official status for te reo Māori (later conferred by the Māori Language Act 1987). As chair of Labour’s Māori Policy Committee from 1979 to 1986, Whetu was frustrated by her party’s consistent lack of enthusiasm for recognising the rights of tangata whenua under the Treaty of Waitangi.
When the fourth Labour government came to power in 1984, Whetu was not offered a cabinet portfolio. She continued to work on causes she believed in, lobbying for the inclusion of a treaty clause in the State-Owned Enterprises Act, promoting local government planning, and seeking protection for Māori fishing grounds. She also served for many years on the Māori affairs and electoral law select committee, which eventually supported legislation allowing Māori to vote anywhere within their Māori electorate.
In keeping with Rātana philosophy, Whetu was pan-Māori in her approach and regarded an emphasis on tribal affiliation as divisive. She was therefore troubled by the Labour government’s restructuring of the Department of Māori Affairs in the 1980s, which foreshadowed a devolution to iwi authorities of matters previously dealt with by the government. Along with organisations such as the Māori Women’s Welfare League and the Rātana movement, she lobbied for the involvement in the political process of Māori who had lost their tribal connections.
By the mid-1980s Whetu was sometimes portrayed in the media as moderate in comparison with younger urban activists. She acknowledged that she had not been ‘a high-profile person’ and that much of her work had been done ‘behind the scenes’. In 1993 a National government recognised her decades of service by admitting her to the 20-person Order of New Zealand, the country’s highest honour.
Relationship with Ngāi Tahu
Whetu had a difficult and sometimes acrimonious relationship with the leaders of her iwi, Ngāi Tahu. A new generation of Ngāi Tahu leaders regarded some of the laws sponsored by Whetu’s father as paternalistic, out-dated, and unjust Crown impositions. In 1969 the Ngāitahu Māori Trust Board petitioned for the repeal of the Ngāitahu Claims Settlement Act 1944, but Whetu was steadfast in her opposition. She felt the petition implicitly questioned her father’s credibility.
She also opposed the trust board’s attempts to create a legal personality for the iwi in the lead-up to Ngāi Tahu’s treaty settlement with the Crown in the 1990s, though Ngāi Tahu beneficiaries voted overwhelmingly in favour of the Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu Bill. Whetu argued that the process of drafting the bill had been undemocratic and that the tribal leadership lacked a mandate, and continued to press these points in parliamentary debates and select committee hearings. Eventually a number of amendments satisfied her enough that she did not vote against the bill on its second reading. Subsequently the iwi authority Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu came into being. Whetu continued to scrutinise its actions for the rest of her life.
Life after politics
In the 1996 general election, after almost 30 years of service over ten successive terms, Whetu narrowly lost her seat in Parliament when the New Zealand First Party secured all five Māori seats. She retired from politics, bringing an end to the Tirikatene legacy of 64 years of parliamentary service – at least until her nephew Rino Tirikatene was elected in 2011. After a lifetime in Parliament, she was able to devote more time to her family and her health, though she continued to work with former constituents whose families had known hers for generations. In 2004, in an echo of the 1975 land march, Whetu called the Hīkoi mo te Takutai (foreshore and seabed hīkoi) onto the forecourt of Parliament.
Whetu died in Wellington on 20 July 2011, aged 79, after suffering a stroke. In keeping with her wishes, she was cremated after a private family service. Hundreds attended a public memorial service to celebrate her life and achievements on 12 August at Wellington’s Cathedral of St Paul. She was survived by her husband, two children, and two beloved mokopuna.
Source
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2020.08.30 10:00 keiraopal Update: Dating in Wellington in your 20's

2 months ago today I made a post on here about Dating in Wellington https://www.reddit.com/Wellington/comments/hgjirz/dating_in_wellington_in_your_20s/. I had several bad dating experiences from Tinder and Bumble, and had deleted all my apps and I genuinely wanted to know how everyone's experience have been in meeting new people, because dating in our generation really has changed in many positive and negative ways. All you amazing human beings who left a comment - thank you! There was one particular comment that caught my eye, and I private messaged the person with no intention but curiosity to catch up and share with one another our crazy online dating experiences.
It's crazy how life can be. For all I knew this could be a 50 year old guy pretending to be in his mid-20's, but it was the most insane coincidence. At this point, we added one another on messenger and his profile picture is of him in a Santa suit. We found out that we lived opposite one another on the same street, we had previously met before very briefly for a moment at a bar (funny how that happens in Wellington? Good ol' Wellington), he saw me at the bar on a bad tinder date (the guy showed up drunk). I found out I live with his doctor, we work in the same industry, and at that point we both thought the other person was a stalker (haha). We stayed up every night talking til 2am. The sleep deprivation was real.
We've now been dating for 2 months, and recently went travelling in NZ together (gotta boost that economy plus there are so many beautiful places, we are blessed to live in this beautiful country)
I guess I just really wanted to write this update post to say that sometimes in life you just have to go with your gut, bite the bullet and just do it, because you never know what's going to happen.
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2020.08.29 18:20 IdolA29Augl Fa-st G-ay Spe-ed Da-ting Minn-esota

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2020.08.19 07:19 blueman-blueman ROYAL NEW ZEALAND BALLET LAUNCHES LIVE STREAMING OF PERFORMANCES 2 April 2020

ROYAL NEW ZEALAND BALLET LAUNCHES LIVE STREAMING OF PERFORMANCES 2 April 2020
RNZ Concert
8 May 2020 ·
Black Swan, White Swan: Live in Your Living Room
RNZB Live in your Living Room - - - RNZB Concert - - -
*** If you experienced the glitch in this broadcast, please scroll through to where the video stream stopped at the 30 minutes mark, and then it should play continuously from that point to the end at 1.5 hours. Sorry for any inconvenience. ***
Love. Seduction. Betrayal. Redemption.
Temptation is in the air this winter, can you feel it?
Step into the shadows to witness one man’s struggle with love and betrayal as the Royal New Zealand Ballet presents Mário Radačovský’s Black Swan, White Swan, a daring retelling of ballet’s most enduring classic, Swan Lake.
A deeply personal take on the classic love story, we follow Siegfried, tormented by sickness, battling his mortality. Caught between two women, the black swan and the white, he struggles with ideal love, pure evil, temptation, and most of all, himself.
Hailed on its 2012 premiere as ‘beguiling, captivating, ultimately enigmatic’ (Grand Rapids Press), this 21st century version of the story will have you spellbound. A stripped down, elemental retelling of Swan Lake, with the agony and ecstasy of Tchaikovsky’s original score at its heart, Black Swan, White Swan will break your heart, yet leave you believing in the redeeming power of love.
This stylish, provocative, profoundly moving ballet is not to be missed – this is a Swan Lake for our time.
Black Swan, White Swan contains mature themes and is recommended for children 8 years and above.
Join us for an electrifying retelling of ballet’s classic Swan Lake, tonight at 7:30pm.
The broadcast will begin right here on this post.
Or join us on the RNZ Concert website: https://bit.ly/3bdgxJx
- With scams circulating, please do not provide your credit card details to any unfamiliar sites.
- These broadcasts are provided free of charge through Facebook Premiere.
- Available worldwide
- Dress Rehearsal archive recording filmed live on stage at the Opera House, 31 May 2019
- Casting: http://rnzb.org.nz/qAZjg
- Read the programme: http://rnzb.org.nz/StKsL
- Join in the chat with RNZB dancers in the comments during the broadcast.
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Choreography: Mário Radačovský
Costume Design: Patricia Barker
Staging: Laura McQueen Schultz and Nicholas Schultz
Set Design: Marek Hollý
Audio Visual Design: Michael Auer
Lighting Design: Randall G Chiarelli
Music: Pyotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky
Music recording: Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, conducted by Valery Gergiev
Label Decca, by kind permission of Universal Music
Video: Jeremy Brick
https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=1463636397140951
https://m.facebook.com/watch/?v=1463636397140951
https://rnzb.org.nz/rnzb-live-in-your-living-room/
https://rnzb.org.nz/shows/black-swan-white-swan/
https:// video-ams4-1 xx fbcdn net /v/t39.24130-2/10000000_338864334149842_6948421324568388270_n.mp4?_nc_cat=110&_nc_sid=985c63&efg=eyJ2ZW5jb2RlX3RhZyI6Im9lcF9oZCJ9&_nc_ohc=gVE7-f5wmOEAX8FcYp3&_nc_ht=video-ams4-1.xx&oh=ec7408da7a8c0029aec8cb321f682074&oe=5F5E106D&dl=1 - - - 1280x720 HD - - - Black Swan, White Swan mp4 video file size 721.5MB and dated 8 May 2020 at 10.21 - - - please replace the five spaces with five dots - - -




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ROYAL NEW ZEALAND BALLET LAUNCHES LIVE STREAMING OF PERFORMANCES 2 April 2020
Starting this Friday, 3 April 2020, the Royal New Zealand Ballet will offer free video broadcasts of recent performances via Facebook Premiere.
First up will be Christmas 2019’s acclaimed production of Hansel & Gretel, choreographed by Loughlan Prior, with an original score by Claire Cowan, designs by Kate Hawley, lighting by Jon Buswell and visual effects by POW Studios, filmed live onstage at the Opera House in Wellington in November last year.
The cast includes Kirby Selchow and Shaun James Kelly in the title roles, Katharine Precourt as The Ice Cream Witch and Paul Mathews as her monstrous alter ego, The Witch Transformed. Nadia Yanowsky and Joseph Skelton play Hansel and Gretel’s loving but impoverished parents, Nathan Mennis portrays the otherworldly Sand Man and Allister Madin and Mayu Tanigaito dazzle as the King and Queen of the Dew Fairies. Orchestra Wellington are in the pit, under the baton of conductor Hamish McKeich.
The production will be broadcast three times over the weekend to enable audiences of all ages to enjoy performances: Friday 3 April at 7.30pm; Saturday 4 April at 1.30pm and Sunday 5 April at 10.30am. The performance lasts one hour and 45 minutes, plus a brief interval between the two acts to make a cup of coffee and grab a slice of gingerbread.
‘Last year, audiences around New Zealand fell in love with our zany production of Hansel & Gretel’ says RNZB Artistic Director Patricia Barker. ‘Being faced with so much uncertainty as we are glued to our televisions for any good news, we at the RNZB thought we could all use a little extra sweetness and pick-me-up. We are so pleased to be able to share this special ballet, 100% made in New Zealand, with audiences again. Stay tuned for further announcements!’
‘We have an amazingly loyal following on Facebook, and they are already used to tuning in to livestreamed events such as our annual participation in World Ballet Day’ says Executive Director Lester McGrath. ‘However, you don’t need to have a Facebook account in order to enjoy these broadcasts. We encourage anyone and everyone with internet access to make the most of this great opportunity to connect with their national ballet company.’
Alongside full productions, RNZB Education is putting together a wealth of digital resources for people of all ages staying at home. The company’s NCEA resources are available online, while the Ballet Masters and Dance Educators are developing online classes for the young and young at heart, online workshops for primary and secondary schools and balletic exercises for seniors, including dance moves and exercises which can be done sitting down. Keep an eye on rnzb.org.nz and social media for news and links.
The Royal New Zealand Ballet would like to thank Ryman Healthcare for their original sponsorship of the national tour of Hansel & Gretel in November – December 2019, together with Telecommunications Partner Vodafone.
Full details, including broadcast times and links, can be found at https://rnzb.org.nz/live
Unfortunately only discovered these ballet video streams on 19th August 2020. Please PM if you have any of The Royal New Zealand Ballet April 2020 and May 2020 video streams.
https://rnzb.org.nz/news/royal-new-zealand-ballet-launches-live-streaming-of-performances/
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2020.08.13 11:15 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Newcastle Jets vs Wellington Phoenix (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

NEWCASTLE JETS 3-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Newcastle Jets Goalscorers: Nick Fitzgerald (45'), Bernie Ibini (76'), Jason Hoffman (79')
Wellington Phoenix Goalscorers:
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: Netstrata Jubilee Stadium, Sydney, NSW
Date: Thursday, August 13th, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST, 9:30pm NZST
Referee: Alireza Faghani
Attendance: No spectators permitted* (Capacity: 20,500 - COVID Capacity: 5,125)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Post-COVID League Form Guide
NEWCASTLE W D W Last Match: 1-0 vs Western United
WELLINGTON L W D L D Last Match: 1-1 vs Brisbane Roar (N)
Last Time They Met: WEL 2-1 NEW January 24th, 2020
Ladder Positions: 9th vs 3rd
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
NEWCASTLE JETS
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Noah James (GK) Lewis Italiano (GK)
Jason Hoffman 79' Benjamin Kantarovski 86'
Connor O'Toole 86' Kosta Petratos 80'
Nikolai Topor-Stanley 42' Bernie Ibini 67', 76'
Nigel Boogaard 22' Lucas Mauragis 86'
Johnny Koutroumbis 57' Roy O'Donovan 67'
Nick Fitzgerald 45', 67' Yerasimakis Petratos
Steven Ugarkovic
Angus Thurgate 86'
Abdiel Arroyo 67'
Dimitrios Petratos 80' Manager: Carl Robinson
 
WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Stefan Marinovic (GK) Zac Jones (GK)
Callan Elliot 81' Te Atawhai Hudson-Wihongi
Liberato Cacace Walter Scott 81'
Steven Taylor Alex Rufer 46'
Luke DeVere 9' Brandon Wilson
Cameron Devlin Jashua Sotirio 67'
Callum McCowatt Ben Waine 85'
Matti Steinmann 46'
Reno Piscopo
Ulises Davila 67'
David Ball 85' Manager: Ufuk Talay
Commentary
-15' The finish line is in sight, and tonight the Newcastle Jets and Wellington Phoenix play their final regular-season game at Netstrata Jubilee Stadium. The Jets have been in good form since the restart, picking up 7 of a possible 9 points, but a poor start to the season means they're only playing for 8th spot. The Phoenix will be playing finals for a second straight season, but require three points, and a favour from former coach Mark Rudan on Wednesday, if they want any chance of breaking into the top two.
-2' Teams make their way out. *Looks like it's just an attendance of one tonight (Jets fan), although at half-time, it looks like they may have had a couple of others with them.
1' We are underway.
2' Wellington have an early free-kick, which McCowatt sends wide.
8' Elliot nutmegs his opponent and shoots, but James tips it over the bar.
9' The resulting corner is sent to the far post with DeVere going down in the box, but the referee gives the free-kick the other way and books DeVere for simulation.
13' Wellington's second corner in quick succession comes in and James uses his head to keep the ball out.
14' Davila cuts it back to Ball, who scissor kicks it over for a goal kick. Newcastle under a lot of pressure.
21' Ugarkovic tries one from distance, but he misses to the left.
22' Nigel Boogaard has been booked for his challenge on Davila.
24' Cacace goes down in the box looking for a penalty, but the referee ignores him completely.
26' Elliot goes down in the box with Topor-Stanley, but Faghani doesn't give the penalty again.
30' Ball is one on one in the box against James, who makes another fine save.
37' Newcastle have the corner, with Dimi Petratos sending it to the far post for Hoffman, who heads high and wide of the goal.
42' Nikolai Topor-Stanley is booked for his challenge on Davila.
45' NEW 1-0 WEL GOAL - Wellington get caught on the counter attack! Thurgate gets to the edge of the box and slides the pass through to Fitzgerald, whose deflected shot beats Marinovic and finds the back of the net.
45' One minute of stoppage time to end the first half.
HT NEWCASTLE JETS 1-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
46' Half-time change for the Nix, with Matti Steinmann not returning, and Alex Rufer on in his place.
46' The second half is underway.
48' Dimi Petratos with a great strike from inside the box, and Marinovic pulls off an equally good save.
49' Topor-Stanley tries one from the edge of the box, but it goes wide.
53' The free-kick is sent into the box where it comes back out to McCowatt, who sends it over the crossbar and out for a goal kick.
57' Johnny Koutroumbis is shown the yellow card for his foul on Ball.
58' A mishap in defence sees Topor-Stanley nearly concede an own goal.
61' The Wellington corner is sent to the near post and cleared before the Phoenix look to have scored, but the flag is up for offside against Taylor.
67' Double change for the Jets, with Arroyo off for Roy O'Donovan.
67' And Nick Fitzgerald makes way for Berine Ibini.
67' The Phoenix also make a sub, with Ulises Davilla coming off for Jashua Sotirio.
72' Piscopo runs down the middle, but it's a great tackle by Koutroumbis with the Jets on the counter, which finishes with O'Toole missing narrowly.
76' NEW 2-0 WEL GOAL - Bernie Ibini has come off the bench and made an impact. A big one! He has the ball in the centre and runs to the edge of the box before striking the ball low and hard past Marinovic, who had absolutely no chance of stopping it.
78' Elliot goes down in the box under the challenge of O'Toole and the referee doesn't point to the spot.
79' NEW 3-0 WEL GOAL - Newcastle go down the other end with Dimi Petratos backheeling to Hoffman, who slams it inside the roof of the net to put the game beyond doubt. What probably should've been a penalty down the other end ends up being a goal to the opposition with the game now all but sealed.
80' Dimi Petratos makes way for his brother Kosta.
81' Callan Elliot comes off and he is replaced by Walter Scott.
84' Ibini tries one from just outside the box, but he mnisses narrowly.
85' David Ball is replaced by Ben Waine.
86' Final changes for the Jets, with Angus Thurgate off for Ben Kantarovski.
86' And Connor O'Toole making way for Lucas Mauragis.
90' There will be three minutes of stoppage time.
FT NEWCASTLE JETS 3-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
submitted by qldmaroon7 to Aleague [link] [comments]


2020.08.11 02:42 dextersgenius Karaoke meetup! Friday 21 August, 9:30pm onwards at K-Zone on Wakefield Street

~~Is this the real life? Is this just fantasy? Caught in a karaoke bar No escape from bad harmonies. Open your mics, look up to the screens and siiiiiiingg...
If you coudn't resist singing the above to the tune of Bohemian Rhapsody, come along and sing your hearts out at K-Zone, on Friday 21st August @ 9:30PM. All ages (18+) and non-singers welcome! This is deliberately scheduled right after the newbie drinks meetup, which should allow you to ease those nerves and vocal chords before the singing chaos begins!
I'm planning on booking a medium-sized room (upto 12 people - $55/hr) for 2hrs, depending on numbers it should work out to be a resonable figure per head. Would appreciate it if you could RSVP by this week so I can confirm the booking. :)
Any questions, just sing out!~~
Edit: Just to give you guys an update, I'm not sure if it would be wise to continue with this event due to COVID-19, although as of today (15/08) I'm still keen on going ahead, given that we have no (known) cases in the Wellington region - but that could change very quickly. I've spoken to K-Zone and they said that they're still operating (under Level 2 guidelines). Will see how things go the next few days and make a call. However, if any of you have concerns and wish to drop out before we make the call, please feel free to do - your health and safety comes first.
Also, here's the official government advise on gatherings at L2: https://covid19.govt.nz/everyday-life/gatherings-and-events/#gatherings-and-events-at-alert-level-2

Update 2: CANCELLED :(

Sorry all, I've decided to cancel this event for now. Will re-schedule this after the L2 restrictions are lifted - I'll create a new thread for it. Apologies to those who've RSVP'd - hope to see you all at the new event! (dates tbc)
cc: u/chimpwithalimp u/ellla12334 u/wellybridge u/Arcademania u/jackiegbell u/Necessary_Vast u/absolutelykaren u/FurryCrew u/Hunterknowsbest u/robafett u/PlatypusErotica u/Apple2Forever
submitted by dextersgenius to Wellington [link] [comments]


2020.08.04 11:14 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Western Sydney Wanderers vs Perth Glory (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

WESTERN SYDNEY WANDERERS 1-3 PERTH GLORY
Western Sydney Wanderers Goalscorers: Mitchell Duke (63')
Perth Glory Goalscorers: Ivan Franjic (60'), Neil Kilkenny (78' - P), James Meredith (86')
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: Bankwest Stadium, Sydney, NSW
Date: Tuesday, August 4th, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST, 5:30pm AWST
Referee: Kurt Ams
Attendance: 1,466 (Capacity: 30,000 - COVID Capacity: 7,500)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Post-COVID League Form Guide
WESTERN SYDNEY D W Last Match: 1-0 vs Wellington Phoenix
PERTH W L L Last Match: 3-5 "@" Adelaide United
Last Time They Met: WSW 0-1 PER January 19th, 2020
Ladder Positions: 9th vs 5th
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
WESTERN SYDNEY WANDERERS
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Tristan Prendergast (GK) Nick Suman (GK)
Matthew Jurman Tass Mourdoukoutas 68'
Dylan McGowan 52' Kostandinos Grozos
Patrick Ziegler 44', 68' Pirmin Schwegler 46'
Tate Russell Nicholas Sullivan
Daniel Georgievski 68' Mohamed Adam 82'
Jordan O'Doherty 46' Bruce Kamau 68'
Keanu Baccus
Simon Cox 82', 82'
Kwame Yeboah
Mitchell Duke 63' Manager: Jean-Paul de Marigny
 
PERTH GLORY
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Liam Reddy (GK) Daniel Margush (GK)
Dane Ingham Tarek Elrich 62'
Ivan Franjic 60', 62' James Meredith 71', 86'
Tomislav Mrcela Carlo Armiento
Alex Grant Jake Brimmer 46'
Osama Malik 71' Vince Lia
Juande 37' Gabriel Popovic 89'
Neil Kilkenny 78' (P)
Kristian Popovic 46'
Nicholas D'Agostino 89'
Bruno Fornaroli Manager: Tony Popovic
Commentary
-15' The race for the top six heats up as the Western Sydney Wanderers host the Perth Glory at Bankwest Stadium. The Wanderers have picked up four points from a possible six since the restart, and a win tonight will move them to within one point of sixth-placed Adelaide. Meanwhile, the Glory only find themselves ahead of Adelaide on GD, and back-to-back losses in their previous two games have put their fans on edge in the lead up to the finals.
-2' Teams make their way out.
1' The first half gets underway.
7' Jurman has options around him, but he opts to take the shot from outside the box and it whistles just over the crossbar.
13' O'Doherty swings in the free-kick from out wide onto the head of Duke, who heads it over the bar.
16' Fornaroli attempts a shot from outside the box, but a lack of power fails to trouble Prendergast, who makes the easy save.
26' Kristian Popovic finds Fornaroli from out wide. The striker attempts a bicycle kick, but only manages to hit the right upright.
31' O'Doherty swings the corner to the back post. The ball eventually finds its way to Ziegler, who heads it over the bar, although there are questions being asked about whether it might've come off Grant last.
37' Juande goes into the book for a poor challenge.
41' The corner ball comes off the Wanderers defender and falls to Mrcela, who absolutely skies his shot.
44' Ziegler goes into the book for dragging back his opponent.
45' There will be one minute of stoppage time.
45+1' Fornaroli gets one more crack before half-time, but his shot fizzles into the hands of Prendergast.
HT WESTERN SYDNEY WANDERERS 0-0 PERTH GLORY
46' Kristian Popovic is replaced by Jake Brimmer at half-time.
46' The Wanderers also make a half-time change, with Jordan O'Doherty replaced by Pirmin Schwegler.
46' The second half is underway.
52' Dylan McGowan becomes the second Wanderers player booked after his challenge on Fornaroli.
56' Georgievski drives through the defence and nutmegs his opponent, but his resulting shot goes straight into Reddy's arms.
60' WSW 0-1 PER GOAL - Out of nowhere, Franjic gets through on goal after Brimmer's shot was deflected and he pokes the ball past Prendergast. He however makes contact with Prendergast during the goal and might have to come off.
62' As expected, Franjic has to come off and he is replaced by Tarek Elrich.
63' WSW 1-1 PER GOAL - And again out of nowhere, the Wanderers score the equaliser. Georgievski slides an innocuous pass into the box. Duke picks it up, swivels, and slides the shot into the corner.
68' Double change for the Wanderers: Patrick Ziegler gets replaced by Tass Mourdoukoutas.
68' And Daniel Georgievsk is replaced byi Bruce Kamau.
71' James Meredith replaces Osama Malik.
77' PENALTY - The ball strikes McGowan's hand in the box and Kurt Ams points to the spot.
78' WSW 1-2 PER GOAL - Kilkenny slides the spot kick to the right of Prendergast and Perth hit the front with a little more than ten minutes, plus stoppage time, to play.
82' Simon Cox picks up a yellow card...
82' ...and immediately gets subbed off for Mohamed Adam.
86' WSW 1-3 PER GOAL - D'Agostino deflects the cross into the path of Meredith, who rockets the finish into the back of the net from just outside the area to pretty much wrap up a crucial three points.
89' Nicholas D'Agostino comes off for Gabriel Popovic.
90' The fourth official has indicated there will be three minutes of added time.
FT WESTERN SYDNEY WANDERERS 1-3 PERTH GLORY
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2020.07.30 11:14 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Adelaide United vs Perth Glory (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

ADELAIDE UNITED 5-3 PERTH GLORY
Adelaide United Goalscorers: Michael Jakobsen (27'), Lachlan Brook (30'), Kristian Opseth (38'), Ben Halloran (45'), Pacifique Niyongabire (63')
Perth Glory Goalscorers: Kristian Popovic (33'), Bruno Fornaroli (74'), Juande (83' P)
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: Bankwest Stadium, Sydney, NSW
Date: Thursday, July 30th, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST, 7:00pm ACST, 5:30pm AWST
Referee: Stephen Lucas
Attendance: No spectators permitted (Capacity: 30,000 - COVID Capacity: 7,500)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Post-COVID League Form Guide
ADELAIDE W D Last Match: 1-1 "@" Wellington Phoenix
PERTH W L Last Match: 1-2 vs Wellington Phoenix
Last Time They Met: PER 3-0 ADE January 11th, 2020
Ladder Positions: 6th vs 5th
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
ADELAIDE UNITED
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Paul Izzo (GK) Dakota Ochsenham (GK)
Ryan Strain Michael Marrone
Ryan Kitto Noah Smith
Jordan Elsey Louis D'Arrigo 75', 77'
Michael Jakobsen 27' George Blackwood 84'
Taras Gomulak 75' Pacifique Niyongabire 60', 63'
Stefan Mauk 90+2' Mohamed Toure 84'
Riley McGree 84'
Kristian Fardal Opseth 38', 84'
Ben Halloran 42', 45'
Lachlan Brook 30', 60' Manager: Carl Veart
 
PERTH GLORY
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Liam Reddy (GK) Daniel Margush (GK)
Dane Ingham Tarek Elrich 46'
James Meredith 9', 46' Ivan Franjic 46'
Alex Grant Carlo Armiento 77'
Osama Malik Jake Brimmer 60'
Jacob Tratt 46' Vince Lia
Juande 83' (P) Gabriel Popovic 73'
Neil Kilkenny 60'
Kristian Popovic 33'
Bruno Fornaroli 74', 77'
Nicholas D'Agostino 73' Manager: Tony Popovic
Commentary
-15' We're back at Bankwest Stadium for the second consecutive night as Adelaide United host the Perth Glory. Both teams find themselves just inside the top six, so three points tonight will be very important. Both are also coming off matches against the Phoenix - Adelaide drawing theirs and Perth losing.
-2' Teams come out.
1' The first half gets underway.
8' Ingham cuts inside to get space to try and shoot in the box. He squares it to Meredith, who can't get into space to shoot.
9' Meredith is booked for a shoulder barge on McGree.
10' Opseth tries to go under the wall with the free-kick, but the shot is blocked.
14' PENALTY - Tratt brings down Halloran in the box. Against the run of play, Adelaide has the chance to take the lead.
15' SAVED - McGree steps up and shoots to his right, but Reddy gets across to save it. Possible justice for those who felt the penalty call was soft.
18' Fornaroli gets into space in the box. He tries to bend it into the corner but it's blocked. Malik follows up with a shot from long range, but it balloons over the bar.
27' ADE 1-0 PER GOAL - Gomulka swings in a brilliant corner and Jakobsen gets to the front post to head the ball in.
30' ADE 2-0 PER GOAL - And Adelaide quickly double their lead! A sloppy pass allows Opseth to attack, he slides it through to Brook, who puts it past Reddy to make it 2-0.
33' ADE 2-1 PER GOAL - Any frustrations Tony Popovic would've had with proceedings so far will have been somewhat quashed by son Kristian, who just stays onside and manages to finish past Izzo. Questions might be asked about a potential Adelaide free-kick that wasn't awarded in the lead-up.
38' ADE 3-1 PER GOAL - Gomulka swings in another dangerous corner and the ball balloons off a head before Opseth heads into into an empty net.
42' Halloran goes into the referee's book for a poor challenge.
45' ADE 4-1 PER GOAL - And now it's four! Halloran gets in down the left wing. He strolls into the box and has options everywhere. He decides to shoot for the corner but it hits Malik and wrong foots Reddy into the net. Halloran will get credit for the goal though.
45' There will be two minutes of added time to finish off this crazy half.
HT ADELAIDE UNITED 4-1 PERTH GLORY
46' Perth make two changes during the break. First, Jacob Tratt is replaced by Tarek Elrich (probably to the relief of their fans).
46' James Meredith also doesn't return, and he is replaced by Ivan Franjic.
46' The second half gets underway.
60' Perth's next change has Neil Kilkenny replaced by Jake Brimmer.
60' Adelaide also make their first change, with Lachlan Brook replaced by Pacifique Niyongabire.
63' ADE 5-1 PER GOAL - Kitto makes a great run down the left. Niyongabire takes the ball off his feet and drills a shot into the bottom corner at the near post. He celebrates with backflips as things just keep getting worse for the Glory.
72' Grant finds himself in the penalty box. He's played in by Juande, cuts inside and shoots, only to direct it straight at Izzo.
73' Nicholas D'Agostino is taken off for Gabriel Popovic.
74' ADE 5-2 PER GOAL - The goals are still flowing at Bankwest. Franjic swings in the deep cross. He finds Fornaroli, who chests the ball down and volleys the low shot into the corner.
75' Taras Gomulka is replaced by Louis D'Arrigo.
77' D'Arrigo goes into the book for dragging back Fornaroli.
77' Bruno Fornaroli is replaced by Carlo Armiento for Perth's final substitution.
83' PENALTY - Kitto pushes Brimmer over in the box and the referee points to the spot.
83' ADE 5-3 PER GOAL - Juande sends Izzo the wrong way and Adelaide's lead is down to two.
84' Double change for Adelaide, as George Blackwood replaces Riley McGree.
84' And Kristian Opseth comes off for Mohamed Toure.
90' Four minutes of added time to play. Enough time for the Glory to score two?
90+2' Stefan Mauk picks up a yellow card.
FT ADELAIDE UNITED 5-3 PERTH GLORY
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2020.07.21 08:51 Gelf_ling Friday Drinks Meetup! - Suburbs Edition- Friday 31st July 5.30pm - Sprig and Fern, TAWA

As discussed in the daily thread recently, I'm keen for a Tawa based meetup to meet some suburbanites to hang out with.
This will be a casual meetup to chat and just relax on a Friday after work.
All welcome! Let me know if you're planning to come so I can make a booking if possible.
Location: The Sprig and Fern in Tawa
Date: Friday 31st July 2020
Time: 5.30 pm til 7ish or later if people want to continue longer.
Transport: Closest train station is Redwood. The 60e bus also goes past. There is parking at the plumbing place next door I think.
Identification: I will try and bring a snoo. I will also post which table when I arrive.
Other: u/pizzapussysanta29 to arrange an unlimited supply of doughnuts
Edit: Look out for the 30s lady with dark hair sitting next to a snoo. Will update with the table location when I'm there
We are table 2!
submitted by Gelf_ling to Wellington [link] [comments]


2020.07.17 10:51 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Sydney FC vs Wellington Phoenix (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

SYDNEY FC 3-1 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Sydney FC Goalscorers: Adam Le Fondre (76' - P), Trent Buhagiar (88', 90')
Wellington Phoenix Goalscorers: Reno Piscopo (66' - P)
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: Netstrata Jubilee Stadium, Sydney, NSW
Date: Friday, July 17th, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST, 9:30pm NZST
Referee: Chris Beath
Attendance: 1,796 (Capacity: 20,500 - COVID Capacity: 5,125)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Pre-COVID League Form Guide (which probably means almost nothing at this point)
SYDNEY W L W D D Last Match: 1-1 @ Western Sydney Wanderers
WELLINGTON L W W W W Last Match: 3-0 vs Melbourne Victory
Last Time They Met: WEL 2-2 SYD December 21st, 2019
Ladder Positions: 1st vs 3rd
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
SYDNEY FC
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Andrew Redmayne (GK) Adam Pavlesic (GK)
Rhyan Grant Patrick Flottmann
Joel King 69' Michael Zullo 69'
Ryan McGowan Alexander Baumjohann 69', 85'
Alex Wilkinson Chris Zuvela 90+1'
Luke Brattan 90+1' Trent Buhagiar 69', 88', 90'
Anthony Caceres 69' Luke Ivanovic 90+1'
Paulo Retre
Milos Ninkovic
Adam Le Fondre 76' (P), 90+1'
Kosta Barbarouses 69' Manager: Steve Corica
 
WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Stefan Marinovic (GK) Zac Jones (GK)
Louis Fenton Liam McGing
Liberato Cacace Ulises Davila 66'
Steven Taylor Callan Elliot 90+1'
Luke DeVere Callum McCowatt 46'
Matti Steinmann 87' Brandon Wilson 87'
Jashua Sotirio 62', 66' Gary Hooper 66'
Alex Rufer 38', 90+1'
David Ball
Reno Piscopo 66' (P), 66'
Ben Waine 46' Manager: Ufuk Talay
Commentary
-40' We're back. After 126 days of COVID emptiness, the A-League is back, with tonight starting a mad dash to finish the 2019-20 season and hand Sydney two more trophies on a silver platter determine who will walk away with the premiership and championship. We kick off with Sydney FC hosting the Wellington Phoenix at Netstrata Jubilee Stadium. A win for the Sky Blues will bring them to within one point of claiming the Premiers Plate, while three points for the Phoenix will take them one step closer to a top four finish and a "home" final.
1' We're underway.
14' Wellington have a corner, which is sent into the box with Sotirio's shot striking the arm of Grant, but with no VAR for the rest of the season, play continues.
16' Ninkovic has his shot blocked before it goes out to Le Fondre, whose shot results in another handball appeal. It comes out to Brattan, whose shot forces a great save from Marinovic before going out for a corner.
22' Brattan with a beautiful ball to Le Fondre, with the deflection from the shot off DeVere almost resulting in an own goal.
31' Piscopo tries one from the edge of the box, but he goes for power and it flies over the crossbar.
37' Sydney have a free-kick, with Brattan driving it through the wall, but it's off target.
38' Rufer has been booked for a high boot on Brattan.
43' Brattan takes the free-kick and it's just tipped over by Marinovic for a corner.
45' One minute of stoppage time to play.
HT SYDNEY FC 0-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
46' The Phoenix make a half time change with Waine coming off for McCowatt.
46' The second half is underway.
55' Caceres shoots from outside the box and it takes a deflection to go out for a corner.
58' Le Fondre has a one-two with Barbarouses, with Le Fondre's shot going straight at Marinovic, who makes the save.
62' Sotirio picks up a yellow card.
64' PENALTY - Cacace is brought down in the box by McGown and the referee points to the spot.
66' SYD 0-1 WEL GOAL - Piscopo stares down Redmayne and drives the penalty low and hard. It skims off the surface under Redmayne to give Wellington the 1-0 lead.
66' Reno Piscopo scores the goal and comes straight off to be replaced by Gary Hooper.
66' Jaushua Sotirio comes off for Ulises Davila.
69' Joel King makes way for Michael Zullo as Sydney make a triple change.
69' Anthony Caceres is next to come off and he is replaced by Alexander Baumjohann.
69' Kosta Barbarouses comes off for Trent Buhagiar.
75' PENALTY - The Sydney corner is sent to the near post before the ball bounces up and hits Davila on the arm. Chris Beath, somewhat controversially, awards another penalty.
76' SYD 1-1 WEL GOAL - Le Fondre drives it low and hard along the ground leaving Marinovic with absolutely no chance.
80' Buhagiar shoots from right on the edge of the six-yard box, but he misses narrowly.
84' Davija strikes from outside the box but it comes off Hooper on its way through past Redmayne and he adjudicated to have been offside. The replay suggests it might have been an incorrect decision.
85' Alexander Baumjohann is booked for a really bad tackle.
87' Cacace goes down in the box and looks for the penalty, but Chris Beath ignores the plea.
87' Matti Steinmann comes off for Brandon Wilson.
88' SYD 2-1 WEL GOAL - Ninkovic with a superb pass to Buhagiar, who keeps running through the middle. Strangely, Marinovic comes out at Buhagiar well outside the box. Buhagiar eases past him, then rounds the shot past Taylor to give Sydney the 2-1 lead.
90' SYD 3-1 WEL GOAL - Le Fondre finds Buhagiar, who times his run perfectly to be onside. Buhagiar enters the box and shoots, but Marinovic makes the save. The rebound goes to Buhagiar who chips it in for a quick fire brace.
90' There will be four minutes of stoppage time to go - plenty of time for more drama to happen!
90+1' Luke Brattan makes way for a cameo appearance by Chris Zuvela.
90+1' Adam Le Fondre comes off for Luke Ivanovic.
90+1' Alex Rufer is replaced by Callan Elliot.
FT SYDNEY FC 3-1 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
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2020.06.19 06:00 ExpensiveCancel6 Some information on political advertising in NZ

I've been looking at Facebook's ad library, and the ads put up by political parties, and I figured I'd share the run down on my first data point. Firstly, because most people don't know about the ad library, and secondly, because this was a topic at some point in the media without any recognition of the tools that actually exist to investigate it.
I'm going to try and avoid including analysis and stick to just the factual information for this post, as it is only my first data point.
If people would like more of this, either going further back, looking at specific time frames, more in depth analysis, or just updates as the election gets closer, let me know. More information in the comments.
Also, do note that I did some of this on June 16 and some on June 19 and the status of some ad campaigns has changed since. If any information does not coincide with what is currently shown on the links, then please let me know as it may have coincided with available information on June 16. If this is the case, where I have not screenshot the information I will change it to what is currently available.
Page management:
Each party page which is in the ad library, and has ads.
Greens
Labour
Maori Party
National
TOP
ACT and NZ First are not currently appearing for me in searches of the ad library (searching their @ handles), however, both David Seymour and Winston Peters are findable in the library on their own accounts and Peters does have an ad up
David
Winston
Parties findable in the search function, but with no ads
Mana
New Conservative
Just to be clear, not having ads promoted from their main Facebook page, or not being available in the ad library, does not mean these parties aren't advertising on Facebook.
Greens have the highest number of page managers, with 18, Labour are second with 14, TOP third with 11, all the rest are around 8 or 9.
David Seymour's page is managed by 13 people, contrast this to Winston Peter's 2.
For comparison other MPs (party leaders, Collins and Swarbrick included due to high social media presence)
Ardern, 12 managers and no ads
Bridges, 6 managers with 3 ads
Collins, one manager currently 0 ads
Davidson, 10 managers and one ad
Muller, five managers and one ad
Shaw, 10 managers and no ads
Simmons, 4 managers and no ads
Swarbrick, 8 managers and 0 ads
All of the accounts are majority run/managed/updated by people in New Zealand, however, a few have individuals based in another country.
Labour: 1 manager from UK
Maori: 1 manager from UK
Bridges: 1 manager from Australia
Shaw: 1 manager from Switzerland
Volume and Platforms
This is the number of ad campaigns which have run since May 1, including those which started before May 1. If an ad campaign started on April 6 and finished on May 1, it would be included, if it began on April 6 and finished on April 30, it would not. This is just for ease. I'll probably go further back at some point and am happy to post as a follow up if anybody is interested. I am counting ad campaigns, not ads themselves (a party may do two campaigns with the same ad, eg Labour have one Facebook exclusive ad that has four associated campaigns).
Greens - 26 advertising campaigns. 6 Facebook exclusive, 20 have been on Instagram and Facebook.
Labour - 46 ads. 13 are Facebook exclusive, 1 is Instagram exclusive, 32 are on both platforms.
Maori - 1 ad. Facebook exclusive.
National - 12 ads. 12 Facebook exclusive.
TOP - 14 ads. 14 campaigns have been run on Facebook, Instagram and Messenger.
Currently Active:
Active Ads:
Party Greens Labour Maori National TOP
Current active campaigns: 0 0 1 0 14
Inactive* 26 46 0 12 0
*Inactive campaigns which ran after May 1, including those which began prior to May 1.
Most Recent Campaign:
Active:
Party Maori TOP
Spending Unknown Unknown
Potential reach Unknown Unknown
Labelled political Yes No

Inactive campaigns (most recent ad):
Party Greens Labour National
Campaign dates Jun 16 - Jun 17 Jun 15 - Jun 18 May 28 - June 4
Spending (NZD) $100 - $199 $4,500 - $5,000 $2000 - $2500
Potential reach >1 million people >1 million people 100,000 - 500,000
Impressions 15-20k 450,000-500,000 200000 - 250,000
Gender of impressions* 49% men/47% women 38%/60% 68%/31%
Age of impressions** 37%/ 36%/24%/2%/0% 26%/36%/19%/10%/4%/3% 8%/15%/13%/15%/21%/27%
Location of impressions*** Auckland 39%/Wellington 26%/Canterbury 16%/Otago/Waikato Auckland 36%/Canterbury 12%/Wellington 10%/Waikato/Bay of Plenty/Otago/Manawatu-Wanganui/Hawkes Bay/Northland/Southland/Taranaki Auckland 35%/Canterbury 12%/Waikato/Wellington/Bay of Plenty/Manawatu-Wanganui/Otago/Hawkes Bay/Northland/Southland/Taranaki
Labelled political Yes Yes Yes
*men/women
** 18-24/25-34/35-44/45-54/65+
***All regions 10% or above of total impressions included with percentages, all regions below 9% or below and 2% or above included without percentages
submitted by ExpensiveCancel6 to newzealand [link] [comments]


2020.06.17 03:35 NZImmolation No new Cases of Covid-19

Release: https://www.health.govt.nz/news-media/media-releases/no-new-cases-covid-19-27
"We have put in place a number of actions to provide the public and Government assurance that anyone arriving into New Zealand does not pose any risk from COVID-19."
Actions taken to date include:
  • Ensuring that no one leaves a managed isolation facility without having had a negative COVID-19 test including those on compassionate grounds
  • Ensuring that all people in isolation are tested on around days 3 and 12.
Cases and tracing The two people reported as confirmed cases yesterday remain in self-isolation and are doing well.
There is one family member isolating with them who is being monitored daily by the local public health unit. The Ministry of Health is managing wider contact tracing from the National Contact Tracing unit.
We are treating anyone on the flight or in the facility at the same time as the cases as if they are close contacts who have potentially been exposed. We are getting them all tested and isolated until a negative result is received.
At this point, there are 320 identified close contacts. The majority of these will have been contacted by the end of the day. All of these people will be encouraged to get a test.
We are confident there was no contact made with anyone on the journey between Auckland and Wellington.
Our numbers Today we have no new cases of COVID-19 to report.
Our total number of confirmed cases is now 1,156, which is the number we report to the World Health Organization.
Our combined total of confirmed and probable cases is now 1,506.
The number of recovered cases remains at 1,482.
Yesterday our laboratories completed 3,603 tests, bringing the total completed to date to 316,251.
Clusters An additional significant cluster - Matamata - has now closed. This means four significant clusters remain open.
NZ COVID Tracer NZ COVID Tracer has now recorded 562,000 registrations – that’s an increase of 4,000 since this time yesterday.
It's great news that more and more businesses and organisations are displaying their official QR codes. The number of posters created by businesses is now 56,552.
There have been 1,035,154 poster scans to date.
Quarantine now being overseen by Assistance Chief of Defense, who will audit all systems and protocols
Compassionate leave suspended until a system figured out
"Not [the two peoples] fault. They followed their plan"
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2020.06.16 19:51 CampusPolicies Tracking Fall 2020 Remote or In-Person Learning Policies

Please send information on your school's policy using this Google Form: https://forms.gle/yto2bomXxZ8S12Xp7
FORMAT FOR RESPONSES (please put it on 3 separate lines, it makes it easier to sort responses):
State abbreviation
School name
Short policy description (ex: Online. In-person. In-person with online option for everyone/based on approval). IF IN-PERSON: are there any COVID-19 safety/testing/symptom tracking requirements in place?
EXAMPLE:
(MA)
Harvard
Online
*New responses will be bolded each day\*

School Name Policy Description COVID-19 Testing/Policies for In-Person Classes
(AL) University of Alabama Some classes online only, others are hybrid (in-person and online).
(AR) UALR Bowen School of Law 1L in-person. 2L/3L online/hybrid. Mask required/social distancing enforced
(AR) University of Arkansas School of Law Majority of classes are online Social distancing in any in-person classes. No word on mask requirement
(AZ) ASU In-person classes. Update: online option available. Classes will be broadcast live via Zoom. Masks and social distancing required
(CA) Berkeley All classes fully remote in the fall. Normal grading system.
(CA) California Western Most classes online, synchronously asynchronously. Very few small classes will meet in person if government restrictions allow.
(CA) McGeorge Hybrid. Required classes will have option of being attended in-person and will be simultaneously broadcast via Zoom. Electives may be remote only, TBD. Temperature/symptom check required to attend in person. Social distancing and mask required.
(CA) Pepperdine Mostly in-person with some online class options
(CA) Santa Clara University Upper division classes are remote. Possible exceptions for clinics and small courses. Planning to have 1L courses on campus, should public health orders allow. Social distancing measures
(CA) Stanford Hybrid
(CA) UC Davis All students can opt for online w/o explanation. 1L classes given in-person priority, 2L/3L majority online. All 1Ls will have some classes online and option for in person others. Instruction ends before Thanksgiving. Finals remote.
(CA) UC Hastings Fully remote for the fall semester
(CA) UC Irvine All upper division courses will be online, hopeful that 1Ls will have an option to take 1-2 of their fall courses with an in-person component. Physical distancing, face coverings, use of a daily symptom self-check app, completion of an online COVID-19 training module, acknowledgement of a campus code of conduct, and possibly temperature checks upon entry to campus buildings.
(CA) UCLA Partial in-person instruction for some 1L courses. Partial in-person component "for a menu of upper division classes, including a number of clinical and experiential classes. A significant majority of upper-level courses will need to be offered remotely . . . ." Physical distancing requirements, and following other public health mandates.
(CA) University of San Diego Hybrid. Students who choose the remote only option will have it available for the year if they so desire but will opt for it on a semester by semester basis. Can request remote model at any point without questions. Remote classes held synchronously with the in-person class, if it's in-person at all. 1L sections will be split into two groups for doctrinal courses. If a course is M/W, 1st group will attend class and 2nd group will attend remotely on Monday, 2nd group will attend class and 1st group will attend remotely on Wednesday. Semester starts a week early and classes will end before Thanksgiving with finals taking place remotely. There is also an option for students who want to attend all courses remotely to do so. Social distancing. Scheduling for upperclassman changed for Mon.-Fri. with some nights. Longer breaks between classes for cleaning/student movement around the buildings. Due to size, many large classes will be offered remotely; some mid-size classes may be hybrid or remote, depending on the time of day. Small classes and experiential classes generally will be offered in person, assuming availability of the professor to do so.
(CA) University of San Francisco Hybrid, in-person optional. Mask required and social distancing being used, individual study spaces only
(CA) USC Gould Some classes will be fully in person, others fully remote, others hybrid. Majority will be offered online, either in addition to in person or exclusively. If your preference is online, tell the registrar.
(CO) Colorado Law Hybrid for 1Ls at least. One half of each 1L section will do remote learning and the other half in person on a rotating basis every class, in person classes end at fall break with remote finals. Testing based on state guidelines, students have to sign a pledge to social distance, social distance rules in class and masks are required.
(CO) University of Denver Hybrid, in-Person, and online classes
(CT) University of Connecticut Fully remote for the fall semester
(CT) Yale Law School Hybrid: Some classes offered in person based on class size, classroom availability and professor availability. Remote option for all classes. No student or faculty will be required to attend in-person classes. Students can participate in class discussion in real time and zoom recordings will be available. Students must sign a compact agreeing to adhere to strict public health guidelines. Required weekly testing for graduate and professional students living in dormitories. Graduate and professional students living off campus will be tested at the beginning of the term. Students who test positive will be required to self-isolate for two weeks and must be cleared by the school to return. Masks and social distancing will be required for in-person classes. Travel outside of Connecticut will be discouraged. Increased scholarship ($2500 to $4000) for students with financial need.
(DC) American University Washington College of Law Both in-person classes and online will be offered. Students can participate remotely or combine remote participation with in-person, on-campus activities. Students who are not able, or do not wish, to come to class or campus in-person will not be required to do so; all on-campus offerings will be duplicated or simulcast online.
(DC) George Washington University Hybrid approach with all courses recorded and available online and all large classes fully remote. Small classes in person if possible. Unclear whether this means it is optional to be fully remote Masks are required around all public spaces on campus
(DC) Georgetown In-person with online option. Professors and students can opt for remote learning on an individual basis, no questions asked. In-person classes will conclude before Thanksgiving, and all exams will be take-home. Policy is described as flexible in the event there are changes because of the pandemic.
(DE) Widener Delaware Law School Hybrid: 1 to 2 days a week in class and the rest of the time online. Fully online option available. Students must wear masks. Symptom tracking and social distancing in place. No club meetings.
(FL) Ave Maria Fully online for Fall 2020
(FL) Florida State University Online classes for most of the main classes offered
(FL) Stetson In-person with online option for Fall 2020. Classes start early with slightly longer class sessions and finals will be taken before Thanksgiving break. Masks required. Social distancing, machines were purchased for regular classroom cleanings, no temp checks, students expected to self report symptoms.
(FL) University of Florida In-person with online option. Not informed on covid tracking procedures for in-person yet.
(GA) Emory University Some courses will be held exclusively online, others will be held in-person, and some will be delivered in a hybrid format (with online and in-person components). All bar tested classes with multiple sections (1L classes) will likely have at least 1 online section.
(GA) Georgia State University 1L in-person Masks required if social distancing not feasible
(GA) University of Georgia In-person. In person instruction ends by Thanksgiving and exams will be online. Vague mentions that they will have some social distancing guidelines, but no specifics.
(IA) Drake In-person No word on masks. Staggered classes and smaller class sizes.
(IA) University of Iowa Have the option to take some classes (at least one) in-person and others online or be completely remote. Will be practicing social distancing rules and masks will be required.
(ID) University of Idaho Hybrid: 3 days in class 2 days online (M-W in class, Th-F online, or W-F in class, M-T online). Masks are required in buildings and throughout university campus
(IL) Chicago-Kent In-person classes if allowed. Most classes will be offered online synchronously, but online will likely only be available to students in high-risk categories or who live with others in high-risk categories. Students must respond to a school-wide survey requesting to take their classes online. On-campus students might be in "satellite classrooms" or alternate days they attend class on-campus to reduce number of people on campus. Social distancing in class and on-campus activities. Possible plexiglass in front of instructor. Limited number of students allowed in shared areas at a time, including locker areas, elevators, and restrooms. Masks required. Temperature scanner installed at the building entrance.
(IL) Northwestern UPDATED: 1Ls will have 2 classes online, 2 in person, & a small group meeting, with the option to be completely remote. Most other classes will be distance learning. Hybrid model that will place emphasis on in-person learning for seminars, clinics, and classes with expected enrollment under 25. Fully online learning will be available for students who do not wish to be on campus. Classes are starting Aug 24, a week earlier than planned. Classes will end by Thanksgiving, with a remote reading period and finals. Masks required, no tracking requirements, social distancing rules will be used for limited in-person classes.
(IL) University of Chicago Classes begin a week early, on Monday, 9/21/2020 and end by Thanksgiving. All exams will be remote. Information about class format and access to campus buildings will be released by July 1.
(IL) University of Illinois College of Law (Urbana-Champaign) Mix of in-person and online classes. Normal grading scheme. In person classes require masks.
(IL) University of Illinois at Chicago Hybrid classes, but majority of classes are 100% online. It will be 100% online if IL is not in stage 4 by the first day of school. For in person, masks are required, distancing will be implemented, and tracking systems are required.
(IN) Maurer In-person and online. 1Ls will be on a block course schedule and can choose online or in-person. Torts, Civil Procedure, and Contracts will be taken one at a time in four-week blocks, with a final exam at the end of each block, instead of being taken at the same time throughout a 13-week semester. Optional in-person or online. Last 1L final exam will be before Thanksgiving.(https://www.law.indiana.edu/publications/curriculum/1-L-curriculum-final.pdf). Legal skills (online and in-person) and legal writing (only online) will be taken over entire semester. Grades expected to be released for 1Ls throughout semester. Social distancing & masks required on campus. Masks are mandatory. Social distancing for in person studying (classes of 200 capacity host 50). Limited library access. Testing and symptom tracking through IU Health.ma
(IN) Notre Dame In-person. Starting 2 weeks early. No breaks. Finish semester before Thanksgiving. Increased time between classes and length of school day. Reduced people in each class to allow social distancing. Masks required inside of campus buildings. Online options will be available for those in need of them. Daily wellness checks for all students. Testing at beginning of semester when students arrive on campus. Testing if there are questions on wellness check.
(KS) University of Kansas Law School In-person classes are expected. Social distancing, contact tracing, and extended time between classes
(KY) University of Kentucky In-person classes, but finals will be online. Semester ends at Thanksgiving. Social distancing, consistent sanitation and masks are required.
(LA) Loyola University New Orleans Most classes are online unless the class size is small. No student or faculty member will be required to attend or teach class in-person during the fall semester, with the exception of students working with the clinic. In-person classes cease before Thanksgiving.
(LA) Tulane In-person classes ending before Thanksgiving, with option for high-risk students and professors to participate through Zoom classes.
(MA) Boston College In-person. Staggered start and end dates. 2Ls and 3Ls start a week early on August 24th and classes end by Thanksgiving. incoming first-year students will have virtual “live” orientation programming sessions August 26-28. First-year students will start classes on August 31. 1Ls have a week of remote classes after Thanksgiving. All December exams are remote.
(MA) Boston University In-person with online option
(MA) Harvard Online only
(MA) Northeastern University Mix of hybrid classes and fully online options
(MA) Suffolk Online option guaranteed, in class offerings tbd
(MD) University of Baltimore Hybrid
(MD) University of Maryland Law Online hybrid. 2 in-person classes for 1L's. "We are also working with University health officials to institute protocols for a safe return to campus. These may involve temperature checks, reporting of health symptoms, COVID-19 tests, and wearing of masks in the building. We will also institute heightened cleaning procedures. We will provide you more information about your schedule, and these protocols soon."
(MI) University of Michigan Hybrid semester, in-person optional, some classes will be required to be online. No Thanksgiving break. Classes will start earlier and end later, with time added between classes for people to get safely between buildings. Classes end Nov. 25, final exam period: Dec 2-11. Spring semester will start Jan. 19, no spring break. Each student will have at least 36 square feet in classrooms. University asks for those returning to campus to quarantine for 14 days before returning to campus. University is also setting aside separate living spaces for people to quarantine. Mandatory mask wearing in class. University plans to provide students with a care kit including two bandanas, two reusable masks, and hand sanitizer.
(MO) University of Missouri-Kansas City Hybrid. If in person, rooms are being adjusted to account for social distancing. Social distancing
(MO) Washington University Hybrid online and in-person. Large classes (including all 1L doctrinal classes) online.
(MS) University of Mississippi In-person for 1Ls, option of remote for 2Ls & 3Ls. Classes will be designated as either in-person, hybrid, remote, or online. Semester starts at normal time, but ends before Thanksgiving. Online exams after Thanksgiving Social distancing for in-person classes, as well as mask requirements
(NC) Duke Optional in-person or online. Condensed semester, with no fall break and classes end before Thanksgiving. Finals will be remote. Fully remote option will be available to all professors and students. Masks required, daily symptom checking, social distancing at all facilities
(NC) University of North Carolina Aug 10 start for 1Ls, Aug 14 start for 2L/3Ls. Online orientation for 1Ls/transfer students. Semester over by Thanksgiving. In-person finals required unless public health conditions determine otherwise. 1L classes given preference for classrooms but some upper level classes will be held on campus. Mix of in-person and remote classes. Work-in-progress, will adhere to safety guidelines with regard to movement of students in/out of classrooms and buildings. No information offered yet with regard to symptom tracking, mask requirements, or social distancing rules.
(NC) Wake Forest Smaller classes in person if permitted. Larger classes (50 or more students) online. Students can elect to take only online classes, but not all classes will be offered online. Masks required on campus; strict social distancing requirements.
(NH) University of New Hampshire School of Law Face to face instruction until Thanksgiving. Remote after Thanksgiving. Students must sign waiver before returning; students may request accommodation for remote option. Traditional/lettered grading policy. Social distancing modifications: "reduced density," testing required before and on arrival, masks required in public areas, limited events, contract tracing through state - "close contact" only defined as within 6' without mask, not being in same classroom
(NJ) Rutgers University All fall classes will be taught remotely with the exception of clinical and some skills classes, which can be taught in-person on an as-needed basis or as required in a few skills classes.
(NY) Albany Law School, In class being offered, option for online. Everything recorded through Zoom. Large classes divided into cohorts by last name. No classes will meet more than twice a week. Changes to schedule forthcoming (1L classes to end at different time upper level) to avoid mixed interaction as much as possible. Last week of class and finals will be online after Thanksgiving. Start and end dates not changing. Required COVID-19 testing with a negative result within the two week period before classes start, masks to be provided & required for classes but not while studying in solitary spaces in the library, larger spaces being rearranged to use as socially distant classrooms. All students from "hot spot" states will be required to quarantine in accordance with the governor's mandate. All students given digital thermometer to track temp through an app. Working with the neighboring pharmacy school for testing. You can do a test with your own health care professional if they are not in a hot spot state. Cafeteria will be closed. Tent set up for eating outside. Food trucks will be available, as will pharmacy school cafeteria
(NY) Brooklyn Law School "At present . . . we anticipate that all upperclass courses will be taught remotely in the Fall 2020 semester." "We continue to pursue the possibility of limited in-person class opportunities for first-year students."
(NY) Cardozo Fully remote for upper level and LLM. 1Ls will have the option of attending one first-year class in-person , either Torts or Civil Procedure, depending on their section, but can stay entirely remote if they want to. No one will be required to go into the building for anything. Semester ending before thanksgiving and finals right after Building is open. Masks are required to enter the building. The library will have study hours by appointment. Other common areas will be available for "approved activities."
(NY) Cornell Students and faculty have the option to participate in fall classes online. Some classes will be exclusively online, in-person classes will have an online component. Classes run uninterrupted from week of August 24 until Thanksgiving. Students must wear masks in the law school building; social distancing rules in place in classrooms. Rotation system for classes where demand for in-person attendance is greater than reduced capacity due to distancing protocols. Exams online after Thanksgiving (likely with online proctoring). Return to standard grading policy.
(NY) Hofstra 1L in-person, hybrid for other years. Early start on Aug 11 and classes end on Nov 11. All exams in-person and on campus.
(NY) New York Law School Hybrid Approach. Classes are being offered both in-person and online, with some classes being offered completely online. More information to come regarding specific guidelines for in-person).
(NY) NYU Some classes are "hybrid," meaning that the class will partially be in-person and partially online. Most classes are online only.** In-person classes will be stacked so adjacent classrooms don't have classes starting/ending within 20 mins of one another
(NY) Pace In-person with online option
(NY) St. John's In-person Masks must be worn. One building is being used for quarantining.
(NZ) Victoria University Of Wellington Each student is given a choice of in person or online learning. No in person exams.
(OH) Ohio State Moritz College of Law Decisions are still being made on which classes (if any) will be in person. Possibility for "hybrid" classes. Masks and social distancing required within the building.
(OH) University of Dayton, School of Law Students have the choice to go back to school or learn fully online. If you go back to school, students with last names starting with A-K have in-person classes Tu/W**. Students with last names starting with L-Z have in-person classes Th/F. Everything else online.** Mandatory masks. Specific areas to eat. Assigned seats in the library. Can only access library 3 days a week. Mandatory testing for anyone living in facilities provided by campus. Social distancing at all times.
(OK) University of Tulsa Offering online or in-class Masks required and social distancing enforced
(OR) Lewis & Clark Expecting to offer almost all classes in-person Students will be expected to wear face coverings, seated at least 6 feet apart in classrooms, if a student becomes ill or is exposed to COVID-19, they will be excused from attending in-person classes and allowed to attend classes live via Zoom if just quarantining, or watch classes via recordings if ill.
(OR) University of Oregon Remote option for everyone with “some opportunities for in-person experiences for those who want to be on campus.”
(PA) Duquesne Law Classes start in-person 8/24 and go until Thanksgiving break. Masks required. Social distancing required. No word on final exams, but assumed remote.
(PA) Penn State Dickinson In person classes until Thanksgiving, then online for the remainder of the semester through and including finals. No break for Labor Day. Masks required and social distancing rules in place. Accommodations may be made for vulnerable individuals.
(PA) PSU Law In-person limited. Option to do semester entirely online if student so chooses. Cohort method likely (I.e. classes will be online half the time anyway). Social distancing and masks required.
(PA) University of Pennsylvania Updates as of 6/25 - NOTE multiple conflicting responses for this school Hybrid. Fully remote option is available for students if they desire. Instruction begins 9/8 and in-person ends 11/25; remote thereafter. 1L sections are limited to 45 students (down from 80+). Classes are limited to 25 students physically present, will follow rotation system so that everyone shuffles through remote/in-person. Mandatory testing, contact tracing, and social distancing as per larger University policy.
(PA) University of Pittsburgh Will return to campus on 8/24. They will hold classes on both Monday, September 7th (Labor Day), and Tuesday, November 3rd (Election Day), as required by the university. They will have orientation for incoming students the week of August 17th. Semester ends in person 11/20. Final exams will be the first week of December online. Regular grading policy in place.
(PA) Villanova In-person. Semester will start August 17 and end before Thanksgiving. Update: Social distancing, masks, and self-report symptoms
(RI) Roger Williams University Hybrid. All students and professors have option of remote-only with a paragraph of explanation but no proof required. Classes start a week earlier for 2Ls and 3Ls and will end before Thanksgiving. All exams are take-home.
(TN) Belmont University All classes in-person
(TN) University of Memphis No concrete plan, some classes will be online, some classes will be a hybrid In-person classes require a mask
(TN) University of Tennessee In-person. Classes done by Thanksgiving, no days off/fall break. All finals online.
(TN) Vanderbilt In-person with online option. Update: orientation online, classes start a week early, classes end/finals taken before Thanksgiving Update: 6- foot distancing inside class rooms, class rooms cut by half in occupancy, library group-study/main room used as makeshift added classroom to keep classroom occupancy low, contact tracing, temp checks before entering school, one-way walking flow within the law school, masks required within law school, 6ft perimeter around professor's lecture area, testing, request to not leave Nashville area.
(TX) Baylor As many face-to-face courses as possible with some hybrid and online courses. Hybrid classes will combine in-person class meetings and online instruction, meeting in-person at least once per week. Online classes will occur online only, as either synchronous or asynchronous. Format will depend on the professor (some will have smaller classes and some professors are more at risk). "In addition to 6-foot social distancing in classes, steps we are currently considering for your safety include: virus testing and contact tracing, regular and enhanced cleaning of all University facilities, the possible wearing of face coverings on campus as appropriate given the latest guidance from the CDC, and residential options to account for COVID-19 isolation." The school is monitoring guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the state of Texas. Will relax or restrict policies and practices based on the most recent guidance being released.
(TX) St. Mary's University In-person. Semester will conclude before Thanksgiving with no breaks before that. "Face masks will be a requirement on campus. We are adding multiple layers of protection to keep the campus safe, including implementing social distancing measures, providing proper cleaning and disinfecting, installing plexiglass shields in appropriate locations, and posting signage and reminders about social distancing, hand-washing, mask-wearing."
(TX) Texas A&M In-person, remote options with some courses being entirely online
(TX) University of Houston Some classes being offered as hyflex, which allows students to attend in-person or synchronous online. Due to limited classroom space with new distancing limitations, most 2L and 3L classes are going fully online, synchronous or asynchronous to be decided by individual professors. In person classes will be socially distanced.
(TX) University of North Texas at Dallas Hybrid Masks and social distancing required
(TX) University of Texas School of Law In-person until Thanksgiving, some classes to be remote the whole semester if they're too big to socially distance properly, all classes remote after Thanksgiving break. Update: As of 6/30, in- person classes will proceed with masks required in all buildings. Almost all classes will have an online option that can only be viewed at the same time as the class meeting. The largest classes are online-only. A small number of clinical offerings are online only. After Thanksgiving break, the remaining week of classes and finals will be online only. No extracurriculars can meet in-person in the law school. Social distancing
(UT) University of Utah Classes will be held both in-person and online (3 of 5 classes in person, 2 online). All classes will be recorded and accessible if you have to miss class for any reason. Masks are required inside the building at all times. Social distancing will be practiced and desks are set up 6 feet apart. We will be required to stay in the same seat and the same room for each of our in-person classes (think 5th grade rules). Unsure if temperature checks will be required.
(VA) George Mason 1L course will be offered in person, most upper level courses will be remote. Some upper level course will be offered in person with health precautions in place for both the instructor and students. Some course are being offered remotely but may have an in-person option should there be sufficient student interest. Required face masks and social distancing
(VA) Regent University In-person.
(VA) University of Richmond In-person. **** Update**: Accommodations made for at-risk students** Fall Break will be eliminated and in-person courses and student residency will end prior to Thanksgiving. The final week of classes and the study and exam period will occur remotely after Thanksgiving.
(VA) University of Virginia In-person, remote option for everyone, some classes only online either due to size or professor opting for online
(VA) Washington & Lee Unknown whether classes will be online, in-person, or hybrid. They are still weighing their options. Semester was moved forward a week to ensure finals will be completed by Thanksgiving.
(VA) William & Mary Hybrid in person/remote. Starting a week early, no fall break, and ending before Thanksgiving. Legal practice program (legal writing and skills practice) will be fully remote, otherwise unsure exactly how much will be remote or not. Update: It is likely that most courses offered in the fall across all class years will be taught remotely. Masks and distancing will be in place. They are providing masks and hand sanitizer to students, taking the expected extra cleaning and distancing precautions, asking domestic students to quarantine for 8 days prior to starting, and aiming to test everyone at the beginning of the semester.
(VT) Vermont Law School All classes will be virtual for Fall 2020
(WA) Gonzaga University School of Law Classes will be in-person with option to do online. After Thanksgiving classes and finals will be held remotely.
(WI) Marquette Planning on having in-person classes but may restructure where larger classes are online and smaller classes are in-person.
(WY) University of Wyoming Hybrid. No student or faculty will be forced to choose in-person. However, professors may "encourage" or "expect" in-person attendance on a course-by-course basis for small classes. Rotating who is in-person/online depending on COVID updated room capacities. If In-Person - Social distancing, face masks, and symptom monitoring app are required. Immediately report symptoms. All students must complete a COVID test 7-10 days before returning to campus. Non-essential personal travel is highly discouraged.

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2020.06.15 02:53 starcoltlucy AMA: We’re Starcolt, developers of Best Friend Forever - a dating/management sim game where you pet the dogs, and then their owners. ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) Ask us anything!

Hi /Games!
We’re Starcolt, a small independent studio based out of Wellington, New Zealand, and we’ve been developing our first title Best Friend Forever for the past year and a half - coming out soon on PC and Nintendo Switch. Best Friend Forever is the world’s first simulation game to combine pet care and dating (just not necessarily at the same time). Train, pat and play with your very own dog to form a bond that will last the ages. With your four-legged companion by your side, meet, woo and cherish the many cuties of Rainbow Bay’s thriving singles scene.
We’re a woman-led, diverse studio, and come from a range of backgrounds - from mobile development to web games - and are really excited to share BFF with the world soon. So, ask us anything! We’re able to talk to fun topics like shipping a game in the middle of a pandemic, participating in the global industry from down here in NZ, tend-and-befriend game design, just how good dogs are and why dating sims (or romance mechanics) are so hot right now.
Also, dog pics are appreciated. Please send us pictures of your dogs.
We’ll be starting at 6PM PDT/1PM NZST and wrapping up in a couple of hours - hooray, timezones!
To answer your questions, we have:
starcoltlucy - Lucy Morris (Studio Director) - previously at Ubisoft, PikPok
starcoltbrianna - Brianna Fromont (Game Artist) - previously at Aurora44, Weta
starcoltbrandon - Brandon Grimshaw (Lead Programmer) - previously at Gameloft, Snapchat
starcoltalex - Alex Woodward (Lead Writer)
starcoltcalliope - Calliope Ryder (Gamerunner) - previously at Wrestler
If you’re curious about Best Friend Forever, you can check out the following resources:
Handy Dandy Steam Page - https://store.steampowered.com/app/1034850/Best_Friend_Foreve
Announce Trailer - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uvoYEmBeduw
Starcolt - http://www.starcolt.com
EDIT: Thanks so much for your questions everyone! We're hopping off now, but it's been lovely to chat to you all. Stay safe, be kind. :)
submitted by starcoltlucy to Games [link] [comments]


2020.06.04 06:13 Stoaticor June 15 to mark New Zealand's COVID-19 elimination day

Wellington: New Zealand finally has a date for when it will achieve its lofty goal of elimination of COVID-19: June 15.
After weeks of urging by public health experts and government wrangling, the country's Health Department has settled on a definition of elimination of the deadly virus.
New Zealand has followed an elimination policy path since the arrival of the virus, eschewing lighter approaches by countries including Australia.
The Kiwi approach, including a seven-week lockdown, is paying dividends.
On Thursday, health officials announced they had found no new cases of the virus for the 13th straight day, from thousands of tests.
Just one person in New Zealand has COVID-19, an Aucklander currently isolating who is due to be asymptomatic this week, should the virus follow a normal course.
Australia currently has 491 active cases.
However, the final Kiwi case is irrelevant to whether New Zealand has eliminated the disease.
The Ministry of Health now says elimination can be declared 28 days after the last case from a "locally acquired unknown source", or community transmission, has completed their treatment and tested negative.
According to the Ministry, New Zealand's last case of community transmission tested positive on April 29, and was in isolation until May 18.
"As per the definition of elimination, the 28 day period would be counted from that person's exit from isolation," a department spokeswoman told AAP.
That means when Director General of Health Ashley Bloomfield holds his regular daily briefing on June 15 - 28 days from May 18 - he will be able to say New Zealand has eliminated COVID-19.
Of course, a subsequent discovery of another case of community transmission would re-start the clock towards the elimination milestone.
The date has symbolic meaning but Dr Bloomfield said it wouldn't stop the government's ongoing work to prevent new cases.
"Elimination is an ongoing process," he said.
"It may well be there is no domestic on-shore transmission or on-shore infections of COVID-19. It would be great if we reached that point and it's increasingly looking like we are.
"But our elimination strategy is ongoing because we clearly still have measures at the border and a desire to open up the border in a safe way."
University of Otago Professor Michael Baker, whose research, advice and modelling has been relied upon by the NZ Government through the COVID-19 crisis, has been calling on the government to provide the official elimination definition.
Dr Baker said if New Zealand reached the definition, it would be a "great achievement".
"We are not the top performer in the world, we often say Taiwan is best. They're now at 56 days since their last case.
"But New Zealand and Australia are top in the OECD for mortality which is a huge achievement for both countries."
Iceland (with two active cases) is also close to a NZ-style elimination.
Source: https://www.smh.com.au/world/oceania/june-15-to-mark-new-zealand-s-covid-19-elimination-day-20200604-p54zga.html
submitted by Stoaticor to CoronavirusDownunder [link] [comments]


2020.06.01 00:56 Pickup_your_nuts The ‘no. 8 wire’ tradition

Perhaps because they live a great distance from any other country, New Zealanders have always had to invent things they could not easily obtain.
Māori developed skills in weaving and carving, and at making voyaging canoes, stone weapons and fortified pā, that astonished the Europeans who first saw them. In 1819 the British naval officer Richard Cruise was impressed at how a Bay of Islands chief named Tetoro had made a stock (wooden butt) for his musket, ‘with much ingenuity. The place for the barrel had been hollowed out by fire, and the excavation for the lock, though made with an old knife and wretched chisel, was singularly accurate.’
In 1900 New Zealand had the highest number of patent applications per capita in the world. In 2006 New Zealand was ranked fourth in the world for patents filed in proportion to gross domestic product (GDP), and fifth on the basis of population. This tradition of Kiwi ingenuity is often known as the ‘no. 8 wire’ attitude, a reference to a gauge of fencing wire that has been adapted for countless other uses in New Zealand farms, factories and homes.
Poultry power
The first electric street lighting in one Nelson suburb was powered by a small hydroelectric generator in the hills above the city. To switch the lights on and off, a chicken run was added to the power plant. At dusk every night the hens would go inside their coop and roost on a special hinged perch. This sank under their weight and connected a switch which turned on the street lights. At first light the hens would leave the coop, the spring-loaded perch swung back and the lights went out again
The culture of invention
Nonetheless, many New Zealand inventions have been produced by trained engineers and tradespeople aiming to improve on the tools and machinery they worked with. Cecil Wood, a Timaru engineer, built his own car about 1900 based on brief descriptions and pictures of the first European models. The Thermette, a simple and effective device for boiling water outdoors over an enclosed fire, was invented by Manawatū plumber John Hart and patented in 1931. It was still widely used in the 2000s.
Farmers and others without technical training have also found inventive ways to make their work easier and life more enjoyable. In the 1920s Ernest Godward, an Invercargill cycle dealer, invented improved bicycles, motorcycles, and a carburettor which went on to be used in motor vehicles around the world.
Women inventors include Norma McCulloch, a Rongotea housewife who developed a hand pump for extracting air from freezer bags in 1975. A simple cardboard tube with a metal tube sliding inside it, the pump sold to Australia, Britain, Canada and the US. McCulloch Industries branched out into making innovative cooking and medical equipment.
Instant success
Invercargill spice and coffee merchant David Strang took out a patent for ‘Strang’s Patent Soluble Dry Coffee-powder’ in 1890 and is credited with inventing instant coffee. His method entailed blowing hot air over liquid coffee until it became solid. Strang’s invention was forgotten until Heritage New Zealand registered his son James’s house in Invercargill and did some research on the family.
Best-known New Zealand invention
Perhaps the highest-profile New Zealand invention is the bungy jump, developed for commercial use by builder A. J. Hackett. In June 1987 Hackett made a highly publicised and illegal bungy jump from the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The world's first commercial bungy site opened the following year in Queenstown. By 2009 Australia, Bali, France, Germany, Malaysia and Macau also had commercial bungy operations.
Source
Disclaimer
I believe deciding New Zealand's best invention is up for debate, as the bungy is up there, heh. But our inventions among other fields warrant great recognition.
Early patenting system
New Zealand’s first system for officially issuing patents was set up in 1860. The Patents Act 1860, closely modelled on a similar British law, established the New Zealand Patent Office. In 1861 it issued its first patent to A. G. Purchas and J. Ninnis for ‘An Invention for the preparation of the Fibre of the Phormium tenax (flax)’. From 1882 applications for patents could be filed at any courthouse, greatly speeding up the process of application and registering. In 1889 a revised Patents Act allowed the Patent Office to also administer trademarks and designs.
Pioneering New Zealand inventions
Commercially successful inventions tend to be those that meet immediate practical needs. The most common patents in the 1860s and 1870s related to flax spinning and gold mining, but from the 1880s inventions for farm machinery overtook them. Ernest Hayes produced many new tools and gadgets from a small shed on his Central Otago farm, including an improved wire strainer for farm fences, patented in 1923 and still made and widely used in the 2000s.
As local manufacturing industries developed, they resulted in more sophisticated inventions such as the Tullen snips – scissors made using a heat-treating process, which were tough enough to cut coins in half. By the 1980s more than 20 million had been sold.
New Zealand’s public health system has produced medical inventions such as the Baeyertz measuring tape for accurately predicting human birth dates, patented in 1982 and still used worldwide in the 2000s. New Zealand is earthquake-prone, and government scientist Bill Robinson developed the seismic shock absorber, a flexible building pile. It now protects major public buildings such as the University of California Teaching Hospital, Tokyo’s central post office, and New Zealand’s Parliament Buildings and national museum.
That puts a lid on it
Failing to patent an invention can enable others to profit from it. In 1884 John Eustace, a Dunedin tinsmith, invented the airtight lid still used on containers such as paint cans and tins of golden syrup. He sent to England to have a die made to mass-produce his invention, but did not take out a patent on it. Soon many British companies began making lids using the Eustace design. One company even offered Eustace thousands of pounds for the rights to it, before realising they could legally copy it for nothing.
Patent agents
Patent agents are experts in patent law who assist inventors and others to register and protect their inventions. New Zealand’s first patent agent, Henry Hughes, was an engineer from the north of England who specialised in steam locomotives. He migrated to Wellington with his family in the 1870s and set up the country’s first patent agency in 1882. One of his agency’s early clients was the aviation pioneer Richard Pearse, perhaps New Zealand’s most renowned inventor. Henry Hughes Ltd is New Zealand’s oldest firm of patent and trademark attorneys. The New Zealand Institute of Patent Attorneys, the professional body representing patent agents, was established in 1912.
Source
submitted by Pickup_your_nuts to ConservativeKiwi [link] [comments]


2020.05.24 23:19 Orpherischt (A) Coronavirus Joke

The term 'Coronavirus' was coined in 1968.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronavirus
The name "coronavirus" is derived from Latin corona, meaning "crown" or "wreath", itself a borrowing from Greek κορώνη korṓnē, "garland, wreath". The name was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell who first observed and studied human coronaviruses. The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
As pointed out multiple times before:
The event of 9/11, 2001 has everything to do with the Coronavirus event.
One is a continuation of the other ( "Coronavirus Conspiracy" = 911 primes )
  • The term 'coronavirus' was coined in the year 1968.
  • The WTC Twin Towers began construction in 1968
  • The number 911 was made emergency dialing code in 1968
  • The film 2001: Space Odyssey came out in 1968
  • George Bush, the Bonesman, president during 9/11 graduated from Yale in 1968
And some gematria finds in the square number cipher:
So, again:
The term 'Coronavirus' was coined in 1968.
In my opinion, outside of the 'introductory course' that we might dub the basic alphabetic and reduction ciphers, the most important ciphers are the primes and the jewish-latin-agrippa
So, given all that...
What do you think the value is?
.
Again:
The name was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell
Think Tyrell Corporation, from BladeRunner...
Think "Key of David"...
Whenever you see 'Language' dealt with in the news or the press or media in general, "David" is always nearby.
I noted a while back that "June" is the only month name to sum to 156 in primes, while the 156th prime number is 911.
  • "June" = 156 primes ( ---> 911 )
  • ... "Apple" = 156 primes ( ---> 911 )
  • ... "Magician" = 156 primes ( ---> 911 )
  • ... "Magician" = 322 trigonal
  • ... .. "Counting" = 322 primes
  • ... .. "To Know" = 322 primes
  • ... .. "The Proof" = 322 primes
  • ... .. .. .. is ... .. ..
  • ... .. "Robust" = 322 primes
You need to see that is joke is ...
  • "The Brazen" = 322 primes
... result of the Powers-That-Be knowing that they have you under their thumb.
That the masses cannot and will not see the feint of "The Pirate" ( 322 primes ) lords.
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal
The creators of this new religion are laughing at its' followers.
Q: what have the coiners achieved?
  • 'A Coronavirus Worship" = 2001 english-extended
  • "Coronavirus Conspiracy" = 911 primes
Again:
The name "coronavirus" is derived from Latin corona, meaning "crown" or "wreath"
  • "Wreath" = 247 primes ("The Riddle" = "Brutal" = 247 primes)
I've linked to these many times before:
.
PS.
Note: things get Frank, below.
In recent posts I add to the discussion by Derek and Zach in terms of the San Fransisco Pier 45 fire. Just a note that the word 'Pier' is an anagram for 'Ripe' (and is easily transmuted into Pyre)
  • "Historical wordplay" = 2019 trigonal 742 primes
Neo is the One:
  • "1 Historical wordplay" = 2020 trigonal
Neo is the One
  • "1: The Historical Wordplays" = 911 primes
History --> Hystory --> Hysteria --> Hysterical --> It's all about the womb (the first temple)
  • "Bio-logical Wordplays" = 1776 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "Biological Wordplay" = 1,666 english-extended
  • ... ( "Ritual Code" = 1,666 squares )
  • ... ( "Language: a cipher" = 1,666 squares )
ie. Pier 45 --> Ripe 45 --> Menopause between 49 and 52 --> Ripe? ... Light 'er up, as they say.
ie. Hysterical @ Hysteri-CAL(culate)
The arts of number and letter is called 'gematria'.
From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gematria
A Mishnaic textual source makes clear that the word gematria is dated to at least the Tannaic period:
Rabbi Eleazar Chisma said: the laws of mixed bird offerings and the key to the calculations of menstruation days—these, these are the body of the halakhah. The calculation of the equinoxes and gematriot are the condiments of wisdom
Again:
The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
  • "A Virologist" = "Numerology" = 474 primes ( "The Illuminati" = 474 primes)
Again:
[...] the key to the calculations of menstruation days—these, these are the body of the halakhah.
  • "The Frequency" = 474 primes
  • ... ( "The Spectrum" = 2,474 squares )
  • .
  • "Spectre" = "Control" = 343 jewish-latin-agrippa ( 3.4.3 @ C.D.C )
  • ... "Human Voice" = 343 primes ( 7x7x7 = 343 m/s is the speed of sound)
  • "The Frequency" = 474 primes
  • ... "One Month" = "The Month" = "Counting" = 322 primes
  • ... .. ( "Girl" = "Rain" = 322 trigonal )
  • .
  • ... "Ejaculation" = 343 primes
  • ... "Period Blood" = 343 primes ( "A Red Letter" = 343 primes )
As I said above, "Bio-logical Wordplays" = 1776 jewish-latin-agrippa
... and thus, divide the Red Sea:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:FirstCommitteeGreatSealReverseLossingDrawing.jpg
Interpretation of the first committee's design for the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States in 1776, which was never used.
Moses standing on the Shore, and extending his Hand over the Sea, thereby causing the same to overwhelm Pharaoh who is sitting in an open Chariot, a Crown on his Head and a Sword in his Hand. Rays from a Pillar of Fire in the Clouds reaching to Moses, to express that he acts by Command of the Deity. Motto, "Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience to God."
Surrounded by a Coronal Wreath:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Moses_bas-relief_in_the_U.S._House_of_Representatives_chamber.jpg
PPS.
The year 1968 as the beginning (or major milestone) of 'The Storm' (ie. the Blitzkrieg on Humanity):
1968 --> '68 ---> [ Fire / Water ]'68 ---> [ Tri-angle * ]'68 --> 3.68 --> 368
...
And since Tesla's magnificent numbers are 3, 6 and 9, we tick upward, via Colel, to 3.69 and 1.969 (which are numbers that have been touchstones on this forum since almost the very beginning.
  • "Coronavirus Novel" = 1984 trigonal cipher
  • "Coronavirus Novel" = 223 basic alphabetic
  • .. "Coronavirus Story" = 2023 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • .. "Hysterical Wordplay" = 2231 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • "The Law" = "Chapter 1" = "Beginning" = 223 primes
  • "Praise Coronavirus!" = 223 basic alphabetic
  • "Novel Coronavirus!" = 223 basic alphabetic
.
Stupid news:
Wuhan lab had three live bat coronaviruses: Chinese state media
It's not the 'lab' you're thinking of.
Brazil's indigenous people are dying at an alarming rate from Covid-19
Dying --> Dyeing ( Phoenician purple, and a Four-Alarm fire )
Somehow This Wild Hoax Bill Gates Anti-Vaxx Video Doesn't Violate YouTube's Policies: The video is obviously faked, but it's still setting the anti-vaxx internet on fire.
Wild Bill and a Four-Alarm fire (desperately trying to defame those that will not bend to tyranny that would own their bodies)
More than 40 diagnosed with COVID-19 after Frankfurt church service
The new Coronavirus Religion brooks no competition (and Frank @ Francis @ San Francisco )
Cigarette ban during level 3, but you can buy alcohol – Draft report
Petty tyranny in Africa ( Draft report --> Winds --> Hot Air --> "Burn" = 322 jewish-latin )
Coronavirus: 'I am deeply worried' about impact of Covid-19 on SA - Chief Justice Mogoeng
Other than the misleading headline (he is 'more worried' about the lockdown than the virus) the sentiment starts out well, but devolves into propaganda pushing the digitalization of the courts... which will lead to...
Man Sentenced To Death In Singapore Via Zoom Call
Death by Zoo Meeting.
https://news.slashdot.org/story/20/05/23/2243247/wikipedia-plans-new-rule-to-combat-toxic-behavior
Wikipedia Plans New Rule To Combat 'Toxic Behavior'
ie. Toxic Behavior is the great crisis of the revelation of numbers (of course it's the American spelling, but that is what is called out in quotes.)
If we use the classic spelling:
.
https://mybroadband.co.za/forum/threads/5-9-quake-just-hit-nz.1085627/
A 5.8 magnitude earthquake has struck near Wellington.
The quake has been felt as far north as Gisborne and near the bottom of the South Island, according to Geonet.
Newstalk ZB's Adam Cooper said it was a "very big quake".
"A rattler, went on for a long time," he said.
Don't tread on me.
  • "Rattler" = 1,618 squares ("Symbolic" = "Geography" ~= "The Goddess Venus")
  • "Rattler" = 314 primes (ie class pi code of the circle)
  • "Rattler" = "Magnitude" = 616 english-extended ( "Pattern" ~= "Number"" = "The Law" = "Garden of Eden" )
  • ... "Perfect Number" = 616 jewish-latin-agrippa
https://arstechnica.com/science/2020/05/archaeologists-may-have-found-william-wallaces-hidden-fortress/
Archaeologists may have found William Wallace’s hidden fortress
The final paragraph (skipping the cognitive dissonance engendered by the previous lines):
[...] Best to focus on Wallace's few military victories and ruminate on the words engraved on a memorial plaque on a wall of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, near the execution site: "I tell you the truth. Freedom is what is best. Sons, never live life like slaves."
.
The name "coronavirus" is derived from Latin corona, meaning "crown" or "wreath", [..] The word was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
  • "Coronavirus Joke" = 1968 jewish-latin-agrippa
  • ... ( "Coronavirus is menstrual" = 1968 jewish-latin-agrippa )
Again:
The name "coronavirus" is derived from Latin corona, meaning "crown" or "wreath", [...] The name was coined by June Almeida and David Tyrrell who first observed and studied human coronaviruses.
  • "Coronavirus Research" = 2018 trigonal 232 alphabetic ("Scary" = "Number" = 232 primes)
  • "June Almeida, David Tyrrell" = 2018 english-extended
  • .. ( "What is my Enemy" = 2018 jewish-latin-agrippa )
Quantum-entanglement:
  • "A=1: Coronavirus Research" = 2020 trigonal
  • "A=1: June Almeida, David Tyrrell" = 2020 english-extended
  • .. ( "A=1: What is my Enemy" = 2020 jewish-latin-agrippa )
  • "Coronavirus Religion" = 2020 trigonal ( "Entirely Obvious" = 2020 english-extended )
submitted by Orpherischt to GeometersOfHistory [link] [comments]


2020.05.24 22:27 ZappyZane Survival kit and Grab-bag advice?

As title: any advice on what to actually put in a grab-bag, which is readily available to buy from supermarkets etc (not order online, delivery in 2-4 weeks)? Ditto survivial kit tips please?
So feeling dumb, as the mrs and i had talked about this but not done anything. We're broadly aware of things, and a google throws up general govt info. Not sure how out of date things are, like do people actually have a radio? Is there a mobile phone app/website one would use instead now? And things like best long-lasting emergency food (which isnt chocolate because it'd get eaten :/ ), we used to have a stash of MREs, but didn't bring them to NZ.
I'll probably spend the morning throwing something together, and see what i can buy from Countdown...
https://www.govt.nz/browse/housing-and-property/home-emergency-checklist/ https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/emergency-survival-kits EDIT: this looks useful: https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/what-we-recommend-you-buy-for-a-diy-grab-bag EDIT2: hmm all sorts of exciting stuff online, like this map of wellington region by potential hazards: http://www.gw.govt.nz/assets/Emergencies--Hazards/combined_earthquake_hazard_map_wellington.pdf
List so far: - backpack - torch - spare batteries - radio - dust masks (yay for COVID) - hand sanitiser (ditto availablity) - travel wipes / tissues - towel (always know where your towel is!) - drink bottle - leather gloves - emergency poncho - emergency rations (protein bars / MREs etc) - survival bag / foil blanket-thingy - first aid kit - duct tape - WD40 - rubbish bags - knife - rope - fishing line(?)
submitted by ZappyZane to Wellington [link] [comments]


2020.05.19 04:43 lolpolice88 The land of the wrong white crowd: Growing up and living in the shadow of racism

https://e-tangata.co.nz/history/the-land-of-the-wrong-white-crowd-growing-up-and-living-in-the-shadow-of-racism/
" For much of his life, Trevor Richards has been fighting racism both here and internationally, most notably as one of the founders of HART (Halt All Racist Tours) which campaigned against New Zealand’s sporting ties with apartheid South Africa. Here he looks back at the history of New Zealand’s race relations, which was once touted (by Pākehā New Zealanders) as the best in the world.
I was one of the early baby boomers, born in South Auckland towards the end of 1946. I grew up in the north, in Kaikohe and Paihia, before heading off to university in Auckland. My teenage stamping ground was the cradle of early European settlement. Kororāreka, New Zealand’s first capital until 1841, was a short ferry ride away. Re-named Russell in 1844, I could see it from our front door. It was on the hill overlooking Kororāreka that Ngāpuhi chief Hōne Heke Pōkai and his supporters chopped down the flagstaff, not once, but four times. War followed.
The Waitangi Treaty Grounds, where, five years earlier, Heke had signed the Treaty, was even closer to where we lived. Five minutes in the opposite direction was the site of the country’s first church. Built of raupo, it had been constructed in 1823. The church which now stands on the site was only erected in 1925, but its adjoining graveyard dates from 1826. The Mission House and the Old Stone Store in Kerikeri, New Zealand’s two oldest surviving buildings, were no more than a short Sunday afternoon drive away.
Being surrounded by all this history was great. But in school, we weren’t taught much about it — and what we were taught was a history viewed pretty much through a 19th century Pākehā lens. Growing up in the Bay of Islands felt like growing up in the middle of an old disused movie set. The props from our past were all there, and we doffed our hats in their direction on occasions, but it was as if they no longer had any real relevance to contemporary life.
📷
Trevor, after a day of fishing.
As a Pākehā kid, I can’t recall the word “racism” being used very much. In the 1950s and 1960s, most Pākehā New Zealanders believed that our race relations were great. At Northland College in Kaikohe in the early 1960s, Prime Minister Keith Holyoake told our school assembly that New Zealand had “the best race relations in the world”. Newspapers were regularly reporting someone or other expressing such views.
Our next door neighbour in Kaikohe, a widower in his 80s, certainly believed that this was the case. One night in 1957, as we were tracking the Russian Sputnik across the night sky , he commented approvingly on a recent newspaper story praising the state of our race relations — before going on to marvel at the strength of the light the Russians had put in their satellite.
At the time, most Pākehā believed that they had been fair in their dealings with Māori, and that, if there was a problem, it was the other party in the relationship that was to blame.
For most, this wasn’t based on any real understanding. There was little or no awareness of anything indigenous. Māori history, language, culture and values were subjects for neither contemplation nor discussion. Most Pākehā wouldn’t have known the difference between a pōwhiri and a waiata.
In the days of my childhood, land confiscation and the systematic destruction and debasement of an indigenous culture were unacknowledged concepts. An awareness of the effects of English colonialism and its impact on Māori was an understanding for a future time. To many Pākehā at this time, Māori was simply “Hori” — an overweight, happy-go-lucky, not very bright character who was work-shy and drank too much. This derogatory term became more common in the 1960s as Māori became increasingly urbanised.
What often sustains racism and gives it potency is that it’s not recognised for what it is by those practising and benefiting from it. A majority culture can belittle the minority culture without thinking — without even knowing it’s doing so.
Many Pākehā (fewer now) took their privileges for granted, and were oblivious to the conditions under which Māori and other ethnic minority groups lived. The “natural order of things” often turns out to be the result of a narrow, insular, self-serving vision based on a series of unrecognised, embedded racist assumptions. Those racist assumptions can form the basis of the majority culture’s attitudinal DNA.
📷
Trevor with his sister Shirley, parents Ruth and Wilfred, and maternal grandparents Nellie and Frederick Civil.
I don’t remember much of my early years in South Auckland. Kaikohe I remember well — which is different from saying that there was much understanding involved. TS Eliot writes in Little Gidding, the last of his Four Quartets, lines that first struck home when I was writing Dancing on Our Bones: New Zealand, South Africa, Rugby and Racism:
We shall not cease from exploration And the end of all our exploring Will be to arrive where we started And know the place for the first time.
That observation is certainly true of my recollections of growing up in Kaikohe. Looking back, Māori were all around us, but what did we know about them and their lives? It was Pākehā who were in control and the town reflected Pākehā dominance. Māori had lived in the area for more than 500 years, but the streets and roads in the town centre were named after Europeans — Clifford, Routley, de Merle, Bisset — whoever they were.
Kaikohe was not unique. It was pretty much the same throughout the country. Irrespective of whose whakapapa dominated a particular area, the names on street signs were mostly European. In Kaikohe, some roads had descriptive names — Hillcrest, Memorial, Park, Recreation. There were some streets named after trees — Kowhai and Tawa — and yes, a few on the outer reaches of the central township did have Māori names. Hongi, Heke and Wihongi.
But, mostly, central Kaikohe was all very Pākehā, despite its history, and the significant number of Māori living in the area. There was a large Māori settlement in the west of the town on Rangihamama Rd, which most people I knew referred to simply as “Rangi Rd”. Unlike the roads in the town centre, Rangihamama Rd was bumpy, potholed and unsealed.
Most, if not all, of the retail outlets were owned and operated by Pākehā. The local council had a succession of white mayors and although there may have been Māori councillors, I don’t recall any. The town’s one picture theatre, the Regent, had two floors: upstairs and downstairs. In the years that I was at college, upstairs was one shilling and three pence, downstairs was nine pence. Upstairs had comfortable padded seats. Downstairs the seats were much less comfy. Pākehā sat upstairs. Māori sat downstairs.
That wasn’t the law — but it was the reality, the result of a mix of social convention and economic realities. At the time, I didn’t regard any of this as in any sense wrong or unfair. It was just the way it was.
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Kaikohe Primary School, forms 1 and 2, 1958. Trevor is second from right, bottom seated row. Until 1969, most Māori children went to the Kaikohe Native School.
At primary school, we were taught about the arrival of Kupe, Toi and Whātonga and The Great Migration. At Northland College, we were taught about something called “The Māori Wars”. It was some time before they became known as “The New Zealand Wars”.
Fortunately, some of our teachers were living in advance of their time. In the fourth form, I recall writing an essay in which I quoted from a book, written by an early settler, which I had found on my grandfather’s bookshelf. The author was no Elsdon Best. Alongside one of the passages critical of Māori, which I had taken from the book, my teacher (Jim Gale, who, by the 1970s, was a well-known anti-racist activist) had quoted from Lear in the margin: “More sinned against than sinning.”
All power to teachers! In Kaikohe, in the 1960s, there were scarcely any others to keep the flame of liberal values alive.
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Trevor, with wreath, on Anzac Day 1961.
Northland College isn’t much more than half an hour from Waitangi, and the Treaty grounds were no more than a brisk walk from our home in Paihia, where I lived during the last few years of my time at secondary school.
My first enduring memory of Waitangi was February 6, 1963. The Queen, on her second visit to New Zealand, attended celebrations at the Treaty grounds. I was part of a Boy Scout Guard of Honour which greeted her as she stepped ashore at the Waitangi jetty. I’d been told by our college principal that “this will be the most important day of your life”.
That was a build-up on which the day sadly failed to deliver. Everybody in the official party down at the jetty had just looked so uninspiring. The PM, Keith Holyoake, looked too much like New Zealand Herald cartoonist Gordon Minhinnick’s caricatures to be taken seriously, and the Queen didn’t look that much different from many others her age that I’d seen at the Kaikohe A&P Show.
As to the actual events at Waitangi which followed, I don’t remember much about them. Platitudinous speeches are rarely memorable. I left the Treaty grounds, empty and disappointed, half wondering how I was going to get through the rest of my life if this day was its most important.
The basis of national identity is often myths and easy generalities. When it came to matters of race, this was certainly so of New Zealand in the 1950s and 1960s. During those decades, assimilation was New Zealand’s official race relations policy. For most Pākehā, this meant claiming that once Māori adopted white ways and behaved like whites, they would be treated like whites. And that was it.
Assimilation was not a two-way street. Pākehā were not required to adopt or adapt to important aspects of Māori culture. For Māori, even speaking te reo was out. That was a road in the wrong direction.
Although we didn’t know it, as we baby boomers were growing up, huge changes were taking place in New Zealand society.
In 1945, the majority of Māori had lived in rural communities. Only 26 percent lived in towns and cities. By 1966, this had risen to 62 percent, and by 1986, almost 80 percent of Māori lived in towns and cities.
For Pākehā, the “golden weather” of New Zealand race relations was coming to an end. As Māori and Pākehā mixed more, the hoax of assimilation became more clear. Young Māori radicals began arguing that, for Māori, the way forward was to return to and rediscover their roots. A Māori renaissance was underway. When Ngā Tamatoa declared there was no Māori problem — “What we have is a problem with Pākehā” — many Pākehā, who hadn’t spent five minutes examining any aspect of their relationship with Māori, felt threatened.
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Members of Ngā Tamatoa on the steps of Parliament Buildings, 1972. They are (from back left) Toro Waaka (Ngāti Kahungunu), John Ohia (Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Pūkenga), Paul Kotara (Ngāi Tahu), Tame Iti (Ngāi Tuhoe), and (from front left) Orewa Barrett-Ohia (Ngāti Maniapoto), Rawiri Paratene (Ngāpuhi) and Tiata Witehira (Ngāpuhi). (Alexander Turnbull Library)
I was at Auckland University when Ngā Tamatoa was formed. What Syd Jackson, Ted Nia, Tame Iti and others were talking about wasn’t all that radical. Their chief concerns were the continuing confiscation of Māori land and the rapid disappearance of their language. What was “radical” was their presentation of this message. Articulate and uncompromising, their take-no-prisoners approach signalled the beginning of a new chapter in Māori protest.
As the ‘60s became the ‘70s, the focus on race issues, both domestic and international, increased. Academics and church leaders, university students and trade unionists were speaking out.
In 1970, Eric Gowing, the Anglican Bishop of Auckland, neatly tied issues of apartheid and domestic racism together when he said “what we think about sporting contacts with South Africa depends on what we think about racism”.
In 1970, anti-apartheid organisations, including the recently formed HART (Halt All Racist Tours), churches and trade unions came together to form the New Zealand Race Relations Council (NZRRC) under the leadership of Jim Gale, my Northland College fourth form social studies teacher.
The council’s basic aim, “was to extend and promote understanding, cooperation and harmony between the races”. Honorary vice-presidents included the Māori Queen, Te Atairangikaahu, the Ombudsman, Sir Guy Powles, Cardinal McKeefry, the four Māori MPs, and two Anglican bishops (Eric Gowing from Auckland, and Walter Robinson from Dunedin). The patron was Sir Edmund Hillary.
The growing indications were that there was no way, when it came to race issues, that 1970s New Zealand was going to be quiet. I was happy to know that whatever it was that lay ahead, there was a solid base of mainstream New Zealand that had committed itself to an important set of beliefs — even if the NZRRC’s aims had been somewhat quaintly expressed.
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Rob Muldoon, New Zealand’s PM from 1975 to 1984.
And so it came to pass. Dominating most of the following decade and beyond was Robert Muldoon, National’s leader during much of the Third Labour Government (1972-75) and the prime minister from 1975 to 1984. He was the chief advocate of a virulent set of racist, populist policies and an unpleasant man.
If New Zealand was going to have a prime minister with such views, I was pleased it was someone who so polarised the country. Every time he made one of his more egregious statements, more people joined the ranks of those wanting change. By the end of the decade, racism had become an issue on which the country was deeply conflicted.
Central to this growing ongoing racial division were issues of land alienation. In 1975, Whina Cooper led a highly publicised 1,000-kilometre hīkoi from Te Hāpua in the Far North to Wellington protesting against the continuing loss of Māori land.
At the time, Māori land ownership had dwindled to five percent. The hīkoi was inspirational and game-changing. The genie was out of the bottle. In the early days of 1977, activists moved on to and then occupied land at Auckland’s Bastion Point in an attempt to prevent Ngāti Whātua land coming under the control of the Crown. They remained there for 507 days.
Protests spread as far as the United Kingdom. Coinciding with the 1977 Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting that was being held in London to mark the Queen’s silver jubilee, London-based HART activists, Kathy Baxter and Dave Wickham, organised protests outside New Zealand House demanding the return of Bastion Point to Ngāti Whātua.
In early 1978, another major land dispute flared up in Raglan, where local golf club authorities were planning to extend their 9-hole course to 18 by expanding over an ancient Māori burial site. The protest at Raglan and at Bastion Point were both eventually to have successful outcomes, though not before hundreds were arrested.
Looking back, on issues of race, it was not just “radicals” who were dominating the political landscape. The Third Labour Government was also making an impact. In April 1973, it cancelled that year’s Springbok rugby tour. In 1974, February 6 became known, for a brief period, as New Zealand Day.
At Waitangi that year, Prime Minister Norman Kirk’s spontaneous gesture of taking a small Māori boy by the hand as he moved to the speakers’ rostrum became a much talked about symbol of hope in the country’s future.
Not all my friends had viewed Kirk’s gesture positively — the word paternalism was heard on a number of occasions. But when I compared Waitangi 1975 with my experience of Waitangi 1963, I felt that as a country we had made some progress.
In October 1975, Labour created the Waitangi Tribunal to hear Māori claims of breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi, which included unresolved land disputes.
In 1976, the incoming National government entered office encouraging sporting contacts with South Africa. On the domestic race front, New Zealand Day reverted to being Waitangi Day.
In 1977, the Waitangi Tribunal convened briefly, but quickly went into recess.
In the 1970s, it wasn’t only Māori who were under attack. We’d welcomed 80,000 immigrants from neighbouring Pacific Islands when the New Zealand economy was booming and there was a shortage of labour, but couldn’t get rid of them fast enough when, by the mid-‘70s, the economy was in trouble.
The Dawn Raids, which had begun under the Third Labour Government, and intensified under the 1975 National government, focused on rounding up Pacific Islanders who had overstayed their visas. Sāmoan and Tongan overstayers were singled out. Many were stopped in the street and asked for proof of residency. At the time of these Dawn Raids, the majority of those guilty of overstaying were not citizens of New Zealand’s Pacific neighbours. They were from Australia, the UK, and South Africa — but that was okay, because they were white.
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The Polynesian Panthers at a protest rally in 1971. (Photo: John Miller)
Throughout the 1970s, the two strands of New Zealand’s anti-racist struggle — domestic and international — had supported each other. HART had been formed in 1969, the year before Ngā Tamatoa. Syd Jackson and Hana Te Hemara, representing the New Zealand Māori Students’ Association, were two of the 14 at the meeting which established HART.
From the beginning, Syd and other Ngā Tamatoa members were active in the anti-apartheid campaigns. One night, Syd and I were speaking in Rotorua against the 1976 All Black tour of South Africa when a bomb threat closed the meeting down.
HART also worked alongside the Polynesian Panther Party, which had been formed in Auckland in 1971 to promote the interests of New Zealand’s Pacific Island community. In 1972, HART organised a speaking tour in Christchurch for the Panthers to help them widen their support.
In 1974, representatives of Ngā Tamatoa, the Polynesian Panther Party, HART, and CARE met with representatives of the Ponsonby Rugby Football Club in an unsuccessful attempt to persuade them to abandon their planned 1975 tour of South Africa. At the time, 60 percent of Ponsonby residents were Polynesian, and polls indicated that 81 percent of Polynesians living in Ponsonby were opposed to the tour. The following year, HART branches around the country joined with other sympathetic organisations and individuals to prepare food for those on the hīkoi.
In the post-war period, it wasn’t only the realities of New Zealand race relations that many New Zealanders were either ignorant of, or in denial, about. As race became a major issue on the world stage, many in New Zealand were slow to respond positively to the new developing international consensus, especially when it came to Southern Africa.
Support for apartheid among politicians, sportsmen and business leaders was always more widespread than was officially conceded. In a visit to South Africa in 1967, the deputy prime minister, Jack Marshall, had been struck by what he had seen. On his return to New Zealand, in a letter to the South African prime minister, John Vorster, he wrote that he was “impressed by the good relations which seemed to me to exist between the Bantu and the white people. I saw no evidence of tension or resentment”. On another occasion, Marshall had also expressed the belief that Māori were “good bulldozer drivers”.
Tauranga’s National MP George Walsh visited South Africa and Southern Rhodesia in 1972. Of Ian Smith, he said: “This dedicated prime minister is becoming well known for his generous outlook.” He declared that Southern Rhodesia was “the best run country in Africa”, and that, in South Africa, “under separate development, the racial problems will resolve themselves”.
Allan McCready, who was the minister in charge of the Dawn Raids of the mid-1970s (and who went on to own a racehorse which he named “Dawn Raid”), commented on his return from Southern Rhodesia, in October 1973, that: “You can take the Bantu out of the bush, but you cannot take the bush out of the Bantu.” To Rotorua MP Harry Lapwood, anti-apartheid protestors were “mentally sick or warped in mind”.
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With Nelson Mandela, in 1995.
In 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected the first president of a new, democratic, non-racial South Africa, but, as late as 2008, at least one politician was still failing the apartheid test. In his first television debate with Helen Clark in the 2008 election campaign, National Party leader John Key claimed that he couldn’t remember whether, when at university in 1981, he’d been for or against that year’s Springbok tour — which is a bit like not being able to remember which party you voted for in the last election. What was probably running through Key’s mind when he gave this dumb answer was whether it was politically safe in 2008 to admit to having been in support of the tour.
There were many others, and they weren’t all politicians. A Wellington stockbroker and former All Black, Ron Jarden, returned from South Africa in 1968 convinced that apartheid was the only possible method of controlling and developing South Africa’s multi-racial society. “The natives have freedom from want and freedom from the danger of getting a spear through their stomach. They have family unity and continuing security and opportunity. Are these not more important than political freedom?”
Tom Pearce, the chairman of the Auckland Regional Authority, and an erstwhile house guest of Southern Rhodesia’s Minister of Law and Order, Desmond Lardner- Burke, praised the role of white men in history and called for restraining orders to be placed on anti-apartheid leaders.
For those seeking racial justice at home and abroad,1975-84 had been a particularly grim period. Internationally, New Zealand had always promoted the view that it was strongly opposed to apartheid, but its support over this period for New Zealand rugby’s continued links with South Africa rather got in the way of that claim.
For the National government, it wasn’t, as was often claimed, a case of keeping politics out of sport. Between 1972 and 1984, National fought four successive election campaigns making sport central to its political appeal. When the government’s international anti-apartheid rhetoric conflicted with its pro-apartheid domestic decision making, the government acted in accordance with domestic imperatives, but continued to keep on mouthing the rhetoric internationally.
Not so well remembered are the 1960-72 positions of New Zealand at the United Nations, when it either voted against, or abstained on, most resolutions which condemned South Africa.
At the time of Southern Rhodesia’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965, a Tanzanian representative was prompted to describe New Zealand as “enemy number one of Africa” — a theme which Tanzania and over 20 other nations were to give practical effect to 11 years later, when they walked out of the 1976 Montreal Olympics in protest against the New Zealand government’s outspoken support for that year’s All Black rugby tour of South Africa.
Prime Minister Muldoon had gone so far as to say that the 1976 All Blacks had gone to South Africa with his personal blessing and goodwill. Foreign minister Brian Talboys meanwhile had continued to assure the international community of New Zealand’s abhorrence of apartheid.
The Muldoon government had once again mouthed the anti-apartheid rhetoric for international consumption, while at the same time singing from an entirely different song sheet for perceived domestic advantage. As Africa boycotted the Montreal Olympics, the government was to discover the perils of speaking simultaneously out of both sides of its mouth.
By 1981, the New Zealand of my childhood was at war with itself. The battle between the values held by many of my parents’ generation, and those held by many baby boomers, was changing the way New Zealanders thought about themselves — the way they thought about the country they wanted New Zealand to be.
We were deeply divided over a wide range of issues. It was not just race. That divide included our attitudes to women’s rights, gay rights, and the issue of New Zealand’s role and place in the world. Were we an appendage of Empire, or were we an independent Pacific nation? In 1973, the Labour government answered this question when Prime Minister Norman Kirk sent a navy frigate to French Polynesia to protest against French nuclear testing in the Pacific.
The impact of the 1981 tour was widespread. First, we did not stop the tour, but we did show solidarity with those suffering under apartheid. Nelson Mandela told Dame Catherine Tizard in 1995 that, when he heard about the cancellation of the Hamilton game, “it felt like the sun coming out”. Second, at a time when they were badly needed, HART projected positive images of New Zealand internationally. We didn’t allow a small-minded, insular and racist government to speak for us. Third, we affirmed and promoted the power of protest. This had a positive impact on many issues, none more so than on issues of domestic racism.
Perhaps the greatest achievement of the tour protests was the way in which it springboarded the issue of Māori sovereignty into the mainstream of liberal thinking. Increasingly, it wasn’t credible to oppose racism in South Africa while ignoring it at home.
In 1981, activist and artist Ralph Hotere, ONZ, was painting his Black Union Jack series. My favourite is a mixed media work carrying the handwritten inscription Greetings from the land of the wrong white crowd. I love it, partly because its message, a vernacular play on the translation of the original Māori name for New Zealand, is totally unambiguous.
In 1985, the Fourth Labour Government, elected the previous year, revived the Waitangi Tribunal and extended its brief to cover claims to include any alleged breach of the Treaty since 1840.
In 1987, the Māori language became an official language of New Zealand. Not much more than a generation previously, kids in primary school were whacked for speaking te reo.
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Trevor with Springbok captain Francois Pienaar in 1994.
From 1988 to 1996, I was Africa Programme Manager for Volunteer Service Abroad, visiting projects in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa on a regular basis. The anti-apartheid campaigns of the ‘60s, ‘70s and ‘80s had exposed much anti-African sentiment in New Zealand. Born of ignorance, arrogance and racism, these views often went hand in hand with attitudes unsympathetic to the rights of tangata whenua. Travelling frequently in East and Southern Africa over this period exposed me to rich, sophisticated, and vibrant cultures about which their New Zealand critics knew nothing. As John Lennon said: “Living is easy with eyes closed.”
I’d been actively involved in the New Zealand anti-apartheid movement and the wider anti-racist struggle for more than 30 years. In 2004, my partner was appointed to a job at the OECD. For 12 years, we lived on Paris’s left bank, in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower.
France is so very different to New Zealand in so many respects, and yet, in some respects — and I am thinking now of racism — it’s not that dissimilar. Paris has an international reputation for being liberal, even revolutionary. To the casual tourist, it may be these things, but for many of those who live there, particularly those from any of France’s former colonies in North and West Africa, the City of Light is also a city of darkness.
Living there, it doesn’t take a terribly sharp scalpel to cut through the pretence and discover a society strongly infected with racism. France’s Muslim community, the largest in Europe, is a social underclass. This is a consequence of both France’s colonial past and its post-colonial history of indifference. At the time that I was living in France, an estimated 40 percent of Muslim youth in France were unemployed. French Muslims represented 7 to 8 percent of the country’s population, but 70 percent of its prison population. I doubt that the French figures today are very much different.
In New Zealand, we have recently passed the first anniversary of a white nationalist terrorist attack on two Christchurch Mosques. Fifty-one Muslims were killed. Twice, while I was living in Paris, the city was the subject of major attacks. The first, in January 2015, killed 17. The second, in November 2015, killed 130.
In both countries, the epicentre of these attacks became awash with candles, messages, flowers, graffiti. After the second attack in Paris, French journalist Natalie Nougayrede wrote: “It has become both a shrine and a celebration of the Paris we knew before.”
Similar sentiments were common following the Christchurch attack. But the nature of the attacks suffered by Paris and Christchurch were very different. In New Zealand, the attacker was a white nationalist and Muslims were the target. In France, the attackers were Muslim Jihadists, and it was French journalists, French Jews, and the French population as a whole who were the targets.
The response of many New Zealanders to the Christchurch attack was to stand by and embrace its Muslim community, but anti-Muslim incidents were also reported. Veiled Muslim women were yelled at in public places and told to go back to where they came from. (New Zealand is where they come from.)
What would the reaction have been here if the Christchurch attack had been carried out not by a white nationalist targeting Muslims, but by foreign Muslim jihadists, targeting the New Zealand population as a whole? Probably not too dissimilar to the reaction in France, where in the week following the first attack, 26 French mosques were attacked — by firebombs, gunfire, pigs heads and grenades. It was similar after the second attack.
To those who are culturally and/or ethnically different from mainstream Pākehā New Zealand, this country can demonstrate genuine empathy. It can also display an embittered version of hate. Fortunately, I don’t believe that these differing responses exist in equal measure.
Arriving back in New Zealand after 12 years in Europe, some changes were immediately obvious. Most noticeable was the growth and public acceptance of the use of te reo. What a delight! And how good it’s been to see basic “teach yourself Māori” being offered online as one of the activities during the coronavirus lockdown. Not that te reo has gained universal acceptance. For too many, the language is regarded as “useless”.
Returning, it was also encouraging to find that Waitangi Day celebrations had lost much of their hard-edged confrontation. At the time of my birth, the Treaty of Waitangi was just six years on from its 100th anniversary. Earlier this year, it reached its 180th anniversary.
Recently, the Māori Council issued a challenge to New Zealand. By the time of the Treaty’s 200th anniversary, it said, “we must set ambitious targets to rid the nation of racism”. Since 1840, racism has been an enduring feature of New Zealand life. Today, that racism is recognised for what it is by many Pākehā. For much of the last 180 years, it was not.
What are the chances of ending racism in New Zealand by 2040? The news on this front would seem to be both good and bad.
Structurally, racism continues to impact strongly on New Zealand society. The life expectancy of Māori is less than that of Pākehā. The percentage of Māori in prison — especially Māori women — far exceeds that of Pākehā. The percentage of unemployed Māori and of Māori living below the poverty line far exceeds that of Pākehā. The percentage of Māori in home ownership is lower compared to Pākehā.
Unemployment. Prison incarceration. Irrespective of country, racism always seems to impact negatively in exactly the same areas.
At the same time, attitudes and understanding are changing. There’s been undeniable progress since my visit to Waitangi in 1963. But it’s a slow and uneven progress across many fronts. Grievances associated with basic issues such as land alienation remain, as the recent occupation at Ihumātao illustrates.
For many, an unwillingness to recognise this country’s roots remains entrenched. In the poorly designed 2015-16 debate over whether New Zealand should change its flag, bad taste and racism were to the fore. The most popular new designs were ones better suited to either cereal packets or jam jars. The least supported — often ones with the better designs — were ones incorporating Māori motifs.
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Ōtorohanga College students who presented a petition to parliament calling for the New Zealand Wars to be taught in schools.
One piece of good news is that teaching New Zealand history in schools will soon be compulsory. Some schools are teaching some New Zealand history some of the time, but the Ministry of Education doesn’t know how much or to how many. As far back as 1938, James Cowan, one of New Zealand’s early preeminent historians, was questioning why New Zealand schools were teaching English history and not our own history. I must’ve been one of the lucky ones, even if what I was taught at Northland College was a history that reflected the prevailing attitudes of the time.
Move forward 81 years from Cowan’s observation to September 2019, and we have Jacinda Ardern’s announcement that, by 2022, all schools and kura in the country will be expected to teach New Zealand history. The curriculum changes being made will ensure that all students are aware of key aspects of New Zealand history and how they influenced and shaped the nation. Could this have elements of being a game changer?
Take Hōne Heke, for example. Chopping down the flagpole at Kororāreka is one of New Zealand history’s abiding images. I left college with a very 19th century colonial understanding of events: that Heke was some sort of lone, troublemaking malcontent who was finally put in his place by Governor George Grey.
But what if we’d been told that Heke, a Christian, and the first Māori to sign the Treaty, had been given assurances by Rev Henry Williams that, under the Treaty, the authority of Māori chiefs would be protected? The British government never kept this promise. Heke and other Māori felt betrayed. Their multiple attacks on the flagpole were taken out of a sense of that betrayal.
Historian Vincent O’Malley has written recently that “a mature nation takes ownership of its history, not just cherry-picking the good bits out to remember but also acknowledging the bad stuff as well. Moving confidently into the future requires a robust understanding of where we’ve come from and been”.
In one of the more famous lines in New Zealand poetry, Allan Curnow writes:
Not I, some child, born in a marvellous year Will learn the trick of standing upright here.
Vincent O’Malley again:
Reconciling ourselves to the history of this land — finding a place to stand — is not just about supporting the settlement of historical Treaty of Waitangi claims. That’s part of the story but not the whole solution. It’s about ordinary New Zealanders taking the time to acknowledge and even own this history. Learn about it, respect it, pass it on, make sure your children and their children learn these stories too. Not so they can feel guilty or ashamed about the actions of their ancestors. But so they can be big enough, and confident enough, to say, “yes, this is part of our history too.” It is only through understanding, accepting and reconciling ourselves to that history will we “learn the trick of standing upright here”.
Some New Zealanders are on the road “to ending racism”. Some are not. A large number of those who are not are probably not even aware that there is a need for such a journey. On the campaign trail, I would often quote Martin Luther King:
History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamour of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people.
The Māori Council’s vision of ending racism by 2040 is an aspirational goal. The trick to making it more than that is for the country to learn what it means to stand upright here. That is happening. But by 2040?
📷Trevor Richards was one of 14 people who established the Halt All Racist Tours movement (HART) at Auckland University in July 1969. He was the movement’s first chair (1969-1980) and international secretary (1980-85). In 1977, he worked for the United Nations Centre Against Apartheid in New York, assisting in drawing up the UN International Declaration Against Apartheid in Sport. His account of New Zealand’s long campaign against apartheid sport, Dancing On Our Bones: New Zealand, South Africa, rugby and racism was published in 1999.
© E-Tangata, 2020"
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